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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Isaac Robert Cruikshank (Biographical details)

Isaac Robert Cruikshank (printmaker; painter/draughtsman; British; Male; 1789 - 1856)

Also known as

Cruikshank, Isaac Robert; Cruikshank, Robert; R. C.; Pry, Paul; Don Juan; Tommy, Tomkins; Tar & Feathers; Wilkins, Peter; Herring, Red; Mr Snooks; Robert ye Devil


Caricaturist, illustrator and miniature painter, and printmaker; occasionally publisher of his prints. Brother of George. Signs as Isaac Robert while his father was still alive; but after 1811 more often as Robert.


R.K.Engen, 'Dictionary of Victorian Wood Engravers,' 1985