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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Manuel de la Cruz (Biographical details)

Manuel de la Cruz (printmaker; painter/draughtsman; Spanish; Male; 1750 - 1792)

Also known as

Cruz, Manuel de la; La Cruz, Manuel de


Painter and draughtsman. Nephew of Juan de la Cruz. b. and worked Madrid.