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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Charles Joseph Hullmandel (Biographical details)

Charles Joseph Hullmandel (publisher/printer; printmaker; painter/draughtsman; British; Male; 1789; 1818 - 1850; c.1860; Hullmandel's life; active dates of firm)

Also known as

Hullmandel, Charles Joseph; Hullmandel & Walton


49 Great Marlborough Street, London (1816-about 1860) 51 Great Marlborough Street (in 1819 and about 1829-45)


Major lithographic printer and publisher in London, where born to French parents, and trained as an artist. Met Senefelder in Munich in 1817, opened press in London in 1818. Responsible for numerous technical developments, including lithotint and colour printing. In partnership with Joseph Fowell Walton from about 1845; the imprint Hullmandel & Walton continued in use until about 1860.


description of lithotint process in 'Transactions of the Society of Arts' 54, 1843, pp.174-5.
Michael Twyman in 'Pat Gilmour (ed.), 'Lasting Impressions', Canberra 1988, pp.42-90
Michael Twyman, 'Images en couleur, les debuts de la chromolithographie', Lyons 2007;