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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Louis XIV, King of France and Navarre (Biographical details)

Louis XIV, King of France and Navarre (ruler; royal/imperial; French; Male; 1638 - 1715)

Also known as

Louis XIV; France; Louis Dieudonné


Son of Louis XIII (q.v.) and Anne of Austria, christened Louis Dieudonné ('God-given'); came to throne as child; during his mother's regency power was wielded first by Cardinal Richelieu and then by Cardinal Mazarin; took on sole authority in 1661; in 1682 moved the court from Paris to Versailles; called himself 'le roi Soleil' (the Sun King); married, first, Maria Theresa of Spain (1638-83) in 1660, by whom he had one son, Louis the Grand Dauphin, in 1661; and then secretly and morganatically Mme de Maintenon; he was succeeded by his great-grandson, Louis XV.