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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Lady Anne Monson (Biographical details)

Lady Anne Monson (Female; c.1727 - 1776)

Also known as

Monson, Anne; Vane, Anne; Hope-Vere, Anne


Botanist and collector of plants and insects. Daughter of Henry Vane, first earl of Darlington (c.1705–1758), and his wife, Lady Grace Fitzroy (1697–1763); she was thus a great-granddaughter of Charles II. Wife of 1) Charles Hope-Vere of Craigiehall (1710-1791) and 2) Colonel George Monson (1730-76) an army officer in India. She was well-known to Mary Delany, and to James Lee, whom she probably assisted with the production of his 'Introduction to botany, extracted from the work of Dr Linnaeus', London, 1760.