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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Thomas Payne (Biographical details)

Thomas Payne (publisher/printer; Male; 1719 - 1799)

Also known as

Payne, Thomas


1) next the Mew's Gate, near St Martin's Church in Cheapside 2) near the South Sea House, Bishopsgate Street


Major London bookseller; at first working with his brother Oliver Payne, but after the latter's bankrupcy in 1739 on his own. From 1741 onwards, issued printed catalogues with prices (many in BL). Acquired the business and premises of his brother-in-law T (?) Taylor. Had a reputation for fair dealing and his shop, known as the Literary Coffee House, was the rendezvous of literary men of the day. Retired in 1790 and was succeeded by his son Thomas. Trade card in Heal Collection (Heal,17.119) advertises "Thomas Payne Bookseller...sells all sorts of stationary wares."


H R Plomer, 'A Dictionary of the Printers and Booksellers who were at work in England, Scotland and Ireland from 1726 to 1775', 1968