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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Michael Sandle (Biographical details)

Michael Sandle (printmaker; painter/draughtsman; British; Male; 1936)

Also known as

Sandle, Michael


Printmaker, painter/draughtsman and sculptor, Royal Academician; born and brought up in the West of England and then the Isle of Man; studied part-time at various art schools after National Service; full-time in printmaking at the Slade 1956-59 under Anthony Gross (etching) and Lynton Lamb and Ceri Richards (lithography); travelled to Italy and Paris, where worked as a lithographer at the Atelier Patris, working for artists such as Sugai and Soulages; taught in England from 1961 and began to introduce sculptural elements to his reliefs; first sculpture 1966; first solo exhibition at Drian Galleries, Porchester Place 1963; taught in Canada 1970-73, then professor of sculpture in Pforzheim, Germany from 1973 and then as professor of sculpture at the Akademie der Bildenden Künst, Karlsruhe,1980-1999; major retrospective at the Whitechapel Art Gallery,1988, which toured Germany the following year; became a Royal Academician in 1990, resigned in 1997, rejoined in 2005; returned to UK where he lived and worked initially in Devon before moving to London, where his work has concentrated on drawing and sculpture.


'Michael Sandle: Sculpture and Drawings 1957-88' (exh.cat.), retrospective, with essays by Marco Livingstone and Jon Bird in English and essays by Paul Bonaventura, Klaus Lankheit and Tilman Osterwold in German, Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, 1988; Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart, 1989
'Michael Sandle: Memorials for the Twentieth Century' (exh. cat.), with essays by Norbert Lynton and Colin Amery, Tate Gallery Liverpool, 1995
John McEwen, 'The Sculpture of Michael Sandle', Much Hadham and Aldershot: The Henry Moore Foundation in association with Lund Humphries, 2002 (monograph)