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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Richard Sawyer (Biographical details)

Richard Sawyer (printmaker; British; Male; 1807 - 1819; fl. c.)

Also known as

Sawyer, Richard; Sawyer & Son; Sawyer & Co


27 Dean Street, Soho, London (on trade card of c. 1812 and banknote of 1819) 43, Dean Street, Soho, London 38 Frith Street, Soho Square, London


The names 'Richard Sawyer', 'R Sawyer Junr.', 'Sawyer Junr.' and 'Sawyer & Son' appear on topographical prints, trade cards, etc. dated. 1807-13 and probably relate to a father and son of the same name; pending further clarification however, these have been conflated.
Trade cards in Heal Collection. Heal,59.132 and 133 advertise "Richard Sawyer, Fac-Simile Engraver...London from ye top of Arundel House." Heal's annotations on Heal,59.133: "View of London from top of Arundel House by Hollar. See Wheatley's edition of Pepys' Diary p.118 Vol. vi. & Beresford Chancellor's 'Annals of the Strand' p.228." Heal,99.126 advertises "Sawyer & Son, Engravers & Printers, No.43, Dean Street... Official and Private Seals Engraved on Stone, Steel & Silver. Heraldry. Compliment & Visiting Tickets, Book Plates &c. Tradesmens Cards, Bills & Receipts. Antique Manuscripts & Rare Prints of the Various Masters Faithfully copied." Heal,99.127 advertises "Sawyer & Son, Engravers & Printers. 43, Dean Street... Designs, Descriptive and Ornamental Writing Connected to the Arts, Commerce & Merchants." Heal,99.128 advertises "Sawyer & Son, Engravers and Printers, No.38, Frith Street... Removed from 43, Dean Street." Heal's annotations on mounts of Heal,99.126-128: "In C. Davies Sherborne's is another card issued from 38 Frith St. - a view over parapet to river & city - it is of 'Richard Sawyer - a fac-simile engraver'. A copy of above is now in A.H.'s collection [see above]. Cards in Banks Collection are dated 1788-1816 & with various addresses 427 Oxford St, 23 Dean St., 43 Dean St. & 38 Frith St. Card in Banks Collection of Sawyer & Son, 27 Dean St. Soho dated 1812. Compare also card in A.H. collection of 'Sawyer No.427 Oxford St.'. Compare 2 cards in A.H. collection of Sawyer & Son, 43 Dean St. Compare 2 cards in A.H. collection of Richard Sawyer, 38 Frith St."