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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor (Biographical details)

Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor (ruler; royal/imperial; Austrian; Male; 1747 - 1792)

Also known as

Leopold II; Peter Leopold; Tuscany (as Leopold I); Austria; Hungary and Bohemia


Third son of emperor Francis I and Maria Theresa of Austria; succeeded his father as Leopold I, Grand Duke of Tuscany when his eldest brother became emperor as Joseph II in 1765; he was also King of Hungary and Bohemia and became Holy Roman Emperor in 1790 when Joseph II died. Married Infanta Maria Louisa (q.v.) in 1764.