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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


William Richard Hamilton (Biographical details)

William Richard Hamilton (official; academic/intellectual; British; Male; 1777 - 1859)

Also known as

Hamilton, William Richard


British antiquary and diplomat born in London (9th January 1777) and educated at Harrow and the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge. He entered the Diplomatic Service and was appointed Secretary to Lord Elgin, Ambassador to Constantinople, in 1799.

He was sent by Elgin on a expedition into Egypt following the exvacuation of the French, he discovered that they had secretly shipped the Rosetta Stone and with a military escort recovered possession of it. (He published a translation of the Greek text in 1809.) He also superintended the shipment of the Parthenon Sculptures for Lord Elgin and the recovery of those subsequently lost at sea.

He was Under-Secretary for Foreign Affairs from 1809 until 1822 and British Minister in Naples from 1822 until 1825. He was also a Trustee of The British Museum from 1838 until 1858, donating a number of antiquities to the institution.

He died in London (11th July 1859).


'Who Was Who in Egyptology', Dawson & Uphill, Ed. Bierbrier, Third Revised Edition, EES, London, 1995.