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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Catalogue of the Japanese coin collection at the British Museum

Project leader

Department of Coins and Medals 


  • Shin’ichi Sakuraki, University of Shimonoseki
  • Nobuhisa Furuta, Institute for Oriental Currency
  • Peter Kornicki, Cambridge University
  • Timon Screech, School of Oriental and African Studies

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The British Museum has a rich collection of Japanese coins, many of which came from the collection of the famous Japanese numismatist Kutsuki Masatsuna (1750-1802).  The catalogue will present the coin collection, its contents and history. It will also outline the key developments in the history of Japanese coins, provide a biography of Kutsuki Masatsuna, and explore the European interest in Japanese coins before the 1850s. 

The catalogue was published in 2010 

Shin’ichi Sakuraki, Helen Wang and Peter Kornicki (with Nobuhisa Furuta, Timon Screech and Joe Cribb), Catalogue of the Japanese Coin Collection (Pre-Meiji) at the British Museum (London: British Museum Research Publication 174, 2010). 

Gold 10 ounce (ryo) oban with an inscription in ink, 1860

Gold 10 ounce (ryo) oban with an inscription in ink, 1860.