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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Excavations at Grimes Graves

Project team

  • Gillian Varndell, project leader
  • Stephen Crummy

Department of Prehistory and Europe 


  • Ian Longworth

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This research project will result in the publication of the final volume in the series covering the British Museum excavations at Grimes Graves from 1972-1976. Grimes Graves, near Brandon, Norfolk was the site of intensive flint mining activity during the later Neolithic and of later occupation during the Bronze Age.

This volume (Fascicule 6) deals with survey and excavation beyond the area of the deep mines published in Fascicule 5. It sets out to consider what we have learned about the mining activity itself, what was being made from the material extracted, the period of time over which this extends, and the nature of the Bronze Age occupation.

This project has been completed. The volume was published in 2012.

I. Longworth, G. Varndell and J. Lech, Excavations at Grimes Graves, Norfolk, 1972-1976. Fascicule 6: Exploration and excavation beyond the deep mines (London, British Museum Press, 2012)

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I. Longworth and G. Varndell, Excavations at Grimes Graves, Norfolk 1972-1976. Fascicule 5: Mining in the deeper mines, (London, British Museum Press,1996)

Site excavation

Excavating one of the areas of shallower workings in the West Field