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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

Project team and acknowledgements

The research at Amara West would not be possible without the permission and support of the National Corporation of Antiquities and Museums (Sudan), particularly the director Abdelrahman Ali Mohammed and the director of fieldwork, Salah Mohamed Ahmed. In the field, our inspector Shadia Abdu Rabo is an integral part of the team.

Supporters

The project is generously funded by the following institutions:

  • Qatar-Sudan Archaeological Project (2014)
  • British Museum (2008-2014)
  • The Leverhulme Trust (2010-2014)
    Health and diet in occupied Nubia through political and climate change
  • Arts and Humanities Research Council (2013-2016)
    Colour in the New Kingdom Town: the technology of painted vernacular architecture at Amara West and Tell el-Amarna, and its Implications
  • Institute for Bioarchaeology (2012-)
  • British Academy (2009-2010)
    Migration and Ethnic Identity in Egyptian Nubia
  • Fondation Schiff Giorgini (2010, 2012, 2014)
  • Thames Valley Ancient Egypt Society (2012).

Field team

  • Shadia Abdu Rabo (2008-2014), inspector and archaeologist
  • Johannes Auenmueller (2014), archaeologist
  • Stephanie Aulsebrook (2009), archaeologist
  • Matthew Berry (2014), geophysics survey
  • Michaela Binder (2009-2014), archaeologist and physical anthropologist
  • Nanette Bülow (2014), illustrator
  • Murtada Bushara (2014), archaeologist
  • Barbara Chauvet (2013-2014), physical anthropologist
  • Jeremy Clutterbunk (2010), zoologist
  • Mat Dalton (2010-2014), archaeologist
  • Sarah Doherty (2013), archaeologist
  • Delphine Driaux (2014), archaeologist
  • Laurel Engbring (2012), physical anthropologist
  • Karis Eklund (2008), surveyor assistant
  • David Fallon (2014), archaeologist
  • Rose Ferraby (2010), magnetometry survey
  • Kate Fulcher (2014), pigment analysis
  • Tomomi Fushiya (2014), site management and archaeologist
  • Anna Garnett (2013-2014), ceramicist
  • Susie Green (2013), structure from motion photography
  • Elisabeth Greifenstein (2012), illustrator
  • Milena Grzybowska (2012), archaeologist
  • Sophie Hay (2008, 2010, 2014), geophysics survey
  • Stephen Kay (2014), geophysics survey
  • Rene Kertesz (2009, 2010), archaeologist
  • Philip Kevin (2012-2013), conservator
  • Loretta Kilroe (2013), ceramicist
  • Michael Lewis (2014), archaeologist
  • Nicole Lorenz (2010), archaeologist
  • Thomas Lyons (2011-2012, 2014), archaeologist
  • Mark Macklin (2009, 2011, 2013), geomorphologist
  • Vera Michel (2013), archaeologist
  • Marie Millet (2009-2013), ceramicist and project curator
  • Ronan Mooney (2014), archaeologist
  • Leonie Pett (2008), magnetometry survey
  • Phillipa Ryan (2014), archaeobotanist
  • Mohammed Saad (2012-2014)
  • Rizwan Safir (2013), archaeologist
  • Alice Salvador (2014), illustrator
  • Chiara Salvador (2014), finds registrar and epigrapher
  • Sofie Schiodt (2014), archaeologist
  • Dyan Semple (2011), physical anthropologist
  • Mary Shepperson (2009-2010, 2012), archaeologist
  • Neal Spencer (2008–2014), director, archaeologist
  • Nicholas Soderbergh (2009), archaeologist
  • Alice Springuel (2013), illustrator
  • Anna Stevens (2013-2014), archaeologist and project curator
  • Carina Summerfield-Hill (2011), physical anthropologist
  • Ashild Vaagene (2012), physical anthropologist
  • Charlotte Vallance (2010-2011), archaeologist
  • Maickel van Bellegem (2014), conservator
  • An Van Camp (2009), archaeologist
  • Marie Vandenbeusch (2011-2014), finds registrar
  • Paolo del Vesco (2014), surveyor and archaeologist
  • Hélène Virenque (2012), archaeologist
  • Alexandra Winkels (2013), conservation scientist
  • Jamie Woodward (2009, 2011, 2013), geomorphologist
  • Elsa Yvanez (2010), archaeologist and seal impressions
  • Up to 40 local workmen each year

Scientific analysis

Scientific analysis in the Department of Conservation & Scientific Research at the British Museum are undertaken by Caroline Cartwright and Philippa Ryan (botany), Rebecca Stacey and Thibaut Deviese (residue analyses) and Michela Spataro (ceramic petrography and analyses), Janet Ambers (pigments), Marei Hacke (textiles), Kate Fulcher (pigment). Conservation has been undertaken by Philip Kevin, Rachel Swift and Maickel van Bellegem.

Collaborating institutions

A key part of the research is undertaken by specialists at several collaborating institutions.

  • Sophie Hay, Leonie Pett and Rose Ferraby (2008, 2010), and Sophie Hay, Stephen Kay and Matthew Berry (2014), British School at Rome/Archaeological Prospection Services (University of Southampton) for geophysical survey
  • Mark Macklin (University of Aberystwyth) and Jamie Woodward (University of Manchester), on river geomorphology (2009-2013)
  • Michele Buzon (Purdue University), for strontium isotope analyses of skeletal samples
  • Stuart Tyson Smith (University of California-Santa Barbera), for NAA analyses of ceramic samples.
  • Ian Freestone (UCL), supervising collaborative PhD on colour production and use at Amara West.

Volunteers

A generous amount of post-excavation work is undertaken by volunteers in the British Museum’s Department of Ancient Egypt and Sudan.

  • Victoria Altman-Wendling (2012)
  • Justine Benanty (2010)
  • Tom Brown (2012)
  • Ashley Bryant (2014)
  • Chase Childs (2013)
  • Renate Fellinger (2009)
  • Katherine Felstead (2010)
  • Anna Garnett (2011)
  • Marijke van der Hamer (2013)
  • Ellie Jones (2014)
  • Loretta Kilroe (2011)
  • Min-Soo Kwak (2009)
  • Nicolas Monte (2008)
  • Sophie Peckel (2010)
  • Siobhan Shinn (2014)
  • Alice Springuel (2012)
  • Rebecca Thompson (2014)
  • Janina Tschering (2012)
  • Atena Ungeraneau (2009)
  • Marie Vandenbeusch (2010)