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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



The earliest humans in northern Europe

Happisburgh 800,000 years ago

Reconstruction of Happisburgh 800,000 years ago. John Sibbick

Early Stone Age sites discovered on the Norfolk coast

Between 2004 and 2010, archaeologists excavating on the coast of eastern England have uncovered remains that revolutionise the way we think about the early human colonisation of northern Europe.

This reconstruction shows how we believe a summer morning in Happisburgh (pronounced Haze-boro), Norfolk might have looked about 800,000 years ago.

Artwork: John Sibbick

Recent discovery

Happisburgh footprints discovered

Early Human footprints discovered

Footprints thought to be about a million years old discovered on the coastline in Happisburgh

Read more 


Unearthing evidence for ancient human occupation
Excavating the site 2004-2010 

Early Britain

Some of the earliest known human sites in northern Europe
Early Britain 
Dating the site 

Studying the finds

From stone tools to fossils, finds reveal the story
Studying the finds 

Project team

Supported by

Natural History Museum

Natural History Museum

Queen Mary University of London

Queen Mary University of London

Ancient Human Occupation of Britain project

Ancient Human Occupation of Britain project

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