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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Catalogue of the Japanese coin collection (pre-Meiji)
at the British Museum

with special reference to Kutsuki Masatsuna

Shin’ichi Sakuraki, Helen Wang and Peter Kornicki, with Nobuhisa Furuta, Timon Screech and Joe Cribb

British Museum Research Publication 174
ISBN 978-086159-174-9
© The Trustees of the British Museum 2010

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Follow the links below to download and read the full publication in pdf format.

 Catalogue of the Japanese coin collection in the British Museum 

NEW: Bibliography of Japanese Numismatics, compiled by Edward Welch and Helen Wang, and revised by Yoshiko Yasumura (2014).

Inspired by the Catalogue of the Japanese Coin Collection (pre-Meiji) at the British Museum (2010) and based on the Bibliographic Sources on p. vi of this publication, this new bibliography includes all titles listed in the Bibliographic Sources, plus a few more recent titles.


Gold 10 ounce (ryo) oban with an inscription in ink, 1860

Gold 10 ounce (ryo) oban with an inscription in ink, 1860.