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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Cosmetic sets of
Late Iron Age and
Roman Britain

Ralph Jackson

British Museum Research Publication 181
ISBN 978-086159-181-7
© The Trustees of the British Museum 2010

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Follow the links below to download and read the full publication in pdf format.

 Title page, contents, acknowledgements 
Including: introduction; typology and statistics; manufacture and function.

 Further essays 
Including: scientific Analyses, K.J. Matthews and M.R. Cowell; decoration and meaning; context and distribution; dating and summary.


 Bibliography and concordances 

Line drawing of a seal of Pallas Athene

Finds from Hockwold and Itteringham.