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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


European Visions:

American Voices

Edited by Kim Sloan

British Museum Research Publication 172
ISBN 978 086159 172 5
© The Trustees of the British Museum 2009

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Follow the links below to download and read the full publication in pdf format.

 Notes on the contributors, abstracts of their papers and recent publications 
Introduction by Kim Sloan

 Keynote Paper: Roanoke’s Achievement 
Karen Kupperman

John White, A Festive Dance, a painting

John White, A Festive Dance (detail), North America, around AD 1585-93