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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

Etruscan by Definition: The Cultural, Regional and Personal identity
of the Etruscans

Papers in honour of Sybille Haynes, MBE

Edited by Judith Swaddling and
Philip Perkins

British Museum Research Publication 173
ISBN 978-086159-173-2
© The Trustees of the British Museum 2009

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Follow the links below to download and read the full publication in pdf format.

 Title page, contents, foreword and acknowledgements 

 

Establishing the Etruscans in the
18th Century

 James Byres and the Definition of the
Etruscans 

David Ridgway

 

Etruscan Production and Interpretation

 The Hamilton Gray Vase 
Dyfri Williams

 The Ridgway Ram Vase 
Dyfri Williams

 An Attic Red-figure Kylix from Veii and the Distribution of the Zalamea Group in Etruria 
Laura Ambrosini

 Shake, Rattle and Rôle: Sistra in
Etruria? 

Judith Swaddling with a scientific report by Janet Ambers, Caroline Cartwright, Clare Ward and James Parker

 The Importance of Being Umaele 
Giovanna Bagnasco Gianni

 The Late Orientalising Bronze Workshops at Chiusi 
Antonella Romualdi

 

Houses, Tombs and Temples

 The Atrium as Italo-Etruscan Architectural Concept and as Societal Form 
Friedhelm Prayon