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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


Sir Aurel Stein

proceedings of the British Museum study day, 23 March 2002

Edited by Helen Wang, curator of East Asian money at the British Museum

British Museum Occasional Paper number 142
ISBN 0 86159 142 9
ISSN 0142 4815
© The Trustees of the British Museum 2004

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Sir Marc Aurel Stein

Sir Marc Aurel Stein