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scarab

Steatite scarab roughly engraved with the praenomen of Thothmosis III (Men-kheper-Ra) in Egyptian hieroglyphic characters; linear patterns in the exergue and area above the characters, described as lotus flowers in the printed catalogue of gems, the latter possibly representing the name of Ptah.

AN1613225727001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

  • Full: AboveFull: Above
  • SideSide

Department: Greek & Roman Antiquities

Registration number: 1896,0201.93

Greek and Roman Antiquities catalogue number: Gem 152

Bibliographic reference
Kiely 2011a 1.5
Gem 152
Kenna 1971 No. 119, p. 35
Jacobsson 1994 No. 248
Murray, Smith and Walters 1900 p. 81, Tomb 1, no. 1; pl. IV, Curium 2

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Object types
scarab (scope note | all objects)

Materials
steatite (all objects)
Techniques
engraved (scope note | all objects)
Production place
Made in Cyprus (?) (all objects)
(Europe,Cyprus)
Made in Egypt (?) (scope note | all objects)
(Africa,Egypt)
Place (findspot)
Excavated/Findspot Kourion, 'Site A' (Kaloriziki), tomb 1 (scope note | all objects)
(Europe,Cyprus,Limassol (district),Kourion)
Date
1300BC-1100BC (circa)
Period/Culture
New Kingdom (all objects)


Description
Steatite scarab roughly engraved with the praenomen of Thothmosis III (Men-kheper-Ra) in Egyptian hieroglyphic characters; linear patterns in the exergue and area above the characters, described as lotus flowers in the printed catalogue of gems, the latter possibly representing the name of Ptah.

Inscriptions
Inscription Type: inscription
Inscription Script: Egyptian hieroglyphic
Inscription Position: underside
Inscription Language: ancient Egyptian


Dimensions
Length: 2 centimetres
Width: 1.4 centimetres


Curator's comments
Kenna (1971, p. 35) considers the scarab a possible Cypriot production, based on the rendering of the Egyptian motifs which he suggests resemble a Cypriot glyptic manner. Jacobsson dates the seal to the 19th or 20th Dynasty. Dr Marcel Maree of the Department of Egypt and Sudan has confirmed that the form of the motifs are no later than the New Kingdom, in which case a Late Bronze Age date is likely. This suggests the item was an heirloom when depoisited in the tomb.


Acquisition date
1896

Acquisition name
Excavated by Turner Bequest Excavations, Curium (biographical details | all objects)
From Turner Bequest Excavations, Curium (biographical details | all objects)
Funded by Emma Tourner Turner (bequest) (biographical details | all objects)


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