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Terracotta female figure holding a ram with right hand, probably a votary; hand-made with applied details; columnar body on a splaying base; the anatomical details are exaggerated, as both the size of the hands and the breadth of the shoulders are very la

AN1533549001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

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Department: Greek & Roman Antiquities

Registration number: 1900,0903.15

Greek and Roman Antiquities catalogue number: Terracotta A139

Bibliographic reference
Kiely 2011e 4
Terracotta A139
Karageorghis Coroplastic VA p. 40, cat. no. 38; pl. XXV:3

Location:
G72/dc3

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Object types
figure (scope note | all objects)

Materials
terracotta (scope note | all objects)
Type Series
Yon and Caubet Lapithos Workshop 1
Techniques
painted (scope note | all objects)
handmade (scope note | all objects)
Production place
Made in Lapethus (all objects)
(Europe,Cyprus,Kyrenia (district),Lapethus)
Place (findspot)
Excavated/Findspot Lapithos, Cave sanctuary at a locality called 'Embros Temenon' 0.5km east of Lapithos village (near) (all objects)
(Europe,Cyprus,Kyrenia (district),Lapithos)
Date
600BC-550BC
Period/Culture
Cypro-Archaic II (scope note | all objects)


Description
Terracotta female figure holding a ram with right hand, probably a votary; hand-made with applied details; columnar body on a splaying base; the anatomical details are exaggerated, as both the size of the hands and the breadth of the shoulders are very large for the body; the left hand is raised is a ritual gesture, the right holds a horned quadruped, perhaps a goat; the woman is elaborated dressed, with a red tunic, over which is a cloak draped diagonally across the body; prominent nose and chin, with red lips and black-fringed eyes; on her head is a thick, turban-like headdress, behind which her hair falls in a single mass along the neck; prominent ear-flaps, with incised details; around her neck is a necklace composed of two rows of large links (or sea shells?) supporting a central disc; another necklace, with an incised chain, is partly covered by the cloak, but is probably similar to the large pendants worn by other examples of this type; made of fine buff clay with much surviving painted detail: red and orange on the clothes, red on the hands and lips, yellow, green and black and red on the jewellery, black hair; part of the base is missing.

Dimensions
Height: 20 centimetres


Curator's comments
For an analysis of the iconography and manufacturing techniques of the Lapithos workshops based similar material in the Louvre from the same source, see: A. Caubet and M. Yon, 'Un culte populaire de la Grande Déesse à Lapithos', RDAC 1988/2, pp. 1-17; also A. Caubet, Antiquités de Chypre. Coroplastique, vol. 1 (Paris, 1998), 243ff.


Subject
devotee/worshipper (all objects)
mammal (all objects)


Acquisition date
1900

Acquisition name
Donated by Sir William Frederick Haynes Smith (biographical details | all objects)


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