Naukratis: Greeks in Egypt

Alexandra Villing, Marianne Bergeron, Giorgos Bourogiannis, Alan Johnston, François Leclère, Aurélia Masson and Ross Thomas

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column

Fragment of moulding from limestone column; plain necking; plain astragel with rebate; traces of red colouring.  This fragment of moulding is part of the relief-ground of the Anthemion. The upper surface shows traces of red colouring, it is stepped and th

AN1080391001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

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Department: Greek & Roman Antiquities

Registration number: 1886,0401.32

Greek and Roman Antiquities catalogue number: Sculpture B395

Bibliographic reference
Villing et al 2013-2015 AA.07 (Phase 3)
Sculpture B395
Koenigs 2007 Cat. no.4c, p.315-316; pl.6, 7, 29

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Object types
column (all objects)

Materials
limestone (scope note | all objects)
Techniques
painted (scope note | all objects)
Production place
Made in Egypt (?) (scope note | all objects)
(Africa,Egypt)
Place (findspot)
Excavated/Findspot First Temple of Apollo (all objects)
(Africa,Egypt,Lower Egypt,Nile Delta,Kom Geif,Naukratis,Sanctuary of Apollo,First Temple of Apollo)
Date
575BC - 560BC
Period/Culture
Archaic Greek (scope note | all objects)


Description
Fragment of limestone column-necking decorated with moulding. The upper surface shows a plain astragal with rebate. It is stepped and the break at the rear, which has the form of a segment of a circle, shows that a step was set there as well. Traces of red colouring are shown on the upper surface. This fragment of moulding is part of the relief-ground of the Anthemion.

Dimensions
Height: 6.5 centimetres (max)
Width: 10.2 centimetres (max)
Thickness: 4.7 centimetres
Height: 4.7 centimetres


Curator's comments
On the upper surface a trace of mortar can be found which could be part of the original construction technique. It could also give evidence that it was set up in the Egyptian way with mortar, rather than how it became later common in Greece, to put the elements together dry or with lead. Similarly, the red colouring of areas which, after the final placement, would no longer be visible could have been adapted from Egyptian practice though the purpose of the action appears difficult to determine. The relative width of the beading does not correspond with that of B393 and B394a and b thus indicating a third column of the same type (Koenigs, 2007, 315-316).

Published (Koenigs 2007, 315f. Cat. 4; Petrie 1886, 5f. Pl. 3; Holtfester 2001, 294).


Acquisition date
1886

Acquisition name
Donated by Egypt Exploration Fund (biographical details | all objects)
Excavated by Egypt Exploration Fund (biographical details | all objects)


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