Naukratis: Greeks in Egypt

Alexandra Villing, Marianne Bergeron, Giorgos Bourogiannis, Alan Johnston, François Leclère, Aurélia Masson and Ross Thomas

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capital

Fragment of moulding from limestone capital; traces of red colouring.  This fragment formed part of a column capital. The astragal of the column measured approximately 7cm in height, and the column itself had 20 flutes. The astragal is crudely worked and

AN1193595001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

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Department: Greek & Roman Antiquities

Registration number: 1886,0401.21

Greek and Roman Antiquities catalogue number: Sculpture B396c

Bibliographic reference
Villing et al 2013-2015 AA.10 (Phase 3)
Sculpture B396c
Koenigs 2007 no. 5c, pp. 316-317, pl. 5,7,29
Petrie 1886 pl. III

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Object types
capital (scope note | all objects)

Materials
limestone (scope note | all objects)
Techniques
pigmented (all objects)
Production place
Made in Naukratis (scope note | all objects)
(Africa,Egypt,Lower Egypt,Nile Delta,Naukratis)
Place (findspot)
Excavated/Findspot First Temple of Apollo (all objects)
(Africa,Egypt,Lower Egypt,Nile Delta,Kom Geif,Naukratis,Sanctuary of Apollo,First Temple of Apollo)
Date
575BC - 560BC
Period/Culture
Archaic Greek (scope note | all objects)


Description
Fragment of moulding from limestone capital/ upper part of column drum. The evenly cut side of the astragal, placed opposite the fluting, which could have been the top or bottom side of the column, merge after 4,8 cm into a 2 cm wider and 3 cm higher continuous beading which interfered with the underside of the astragal. The light limestone with small holes is crudely worked and lacks the final polish with the surface not fully rounded and grooves showing working marks. On the relief ground and at the top of the astragal traces of red paint are visible.

Dimensions
Height: 11.5 centimetres (max)
Width: 17.5 centimetres (max)
Height: 4 millimetres
Height: 11.2 centimetres
Width: 14 centimetres


Curator's comments
Measurement of the axes of the ornaments: 7.5 to 7.6cm. This fragment belongs to the same part of a column as B396a and c; the technique, however, marks this one and B396b as belonging to a different column with a varied design from B396a.
The evenly cut side of the astragal, which lies opposite the fluting and could have been the top or bottom of the column, is continued in this fragment, as well as B396b, by a 2cm broader and 3 cm higher beading, which interfered with the underside of the astragal.
The three fragments differ in the number of flutes calculated for the entire column but resemble each other closely in the calculations for the diameter, approximately 43.5cm for each of them, for the axes of the ornaments, approximately 7.5-7.6cm for each, and in the assumption of 18 axes. The column of which this fragment and B396c were parts had 20 flutes. Its shallow surface was only 11,1-2 cm high and the stout astragal measured approximately 7 cm in height (Koenigs 2007, 316-317).

Published (Koenigs 2007, 316f. Cat. 5; Petrie 1886, 5f, 13 Pl. 3; Bissing 1951, 69)


Acquisition date
1886

Acquisition name
Donated by Egypt Exploration Fund (biographical details | all objects)
Excavated by Egypt Exploration Fund (biographical details | all objects)


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