Naukratis: Greeks in Egypt

Alexandra Villing, Marianne Bergeron, Giorgos Bourogiannis, Alan Johnston, François Leclère, Aurélia Masson and Ross Thomas

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capital

Fragment of moulding from limestone capital; traces of red colouring.  This fragment was part of a column top. One intact and two damaged axes of ornaments, and three tops of fluting without axial relations to the astragal are preserved. The relief ground

AN1080948001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

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Department: Greek & Roman Antiquities

Registration number: 1886,0401.23

Greek and Roman Antiquities catalogue number: Sculpture B396a

Bibliographic reference
Villing et al 2013-2015 AA.08 (Phase 3)
Sculpture B396a
Koenigs 2007 no. 5a, pp. 316-317, pl. 5,7,29
Petrie 1886 pl. III

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Object types
capital (scope note | all objects)

Materials
limestone (scope note | all objects)
Techniques
painted (scope note | all objects)
Production place
Made in Naukratis (scope note | all objects)
(Africa,Egypt,Lower Egypt,Nile Delta,Naukratis)
Place (findspot)
Excavated/Findspot First Temple of Apollo (all objects)
(Africa,Egypt,Lower Egypt,Nile Delta,Kom Geif,Naukratis,Sanctuary of Apollo,First Temple of Apollo)
Date
575BC - 560BC
Period/Culture
Archaic Greek (scope note | all objects)


Description
Fragment of a limestone moulding from the upper part of column drum. One intact and two strongly damaged axes of ornaments, and three tops of fluting without axial relations to the astragal are preserved. This fragment breaks off at a length of the fluting of about 3,5cm. The relief ground, into which the tops of fluting cut, as well as the onset of the astragal in this area show traces of red colouring. The light limestone with small holes is crudely worked and lacks the final polish with the surface not fully rounded and grooves showing working marks.

Dimensions
Height: 11.5 centimetres (max)
Width: 23 centimetres (max)
Thickness: 6 millimetres
Height: 9.5 centimetres


Curator's comments
According to calculations this fragment belonged to a column with 24 flutes of a width of 5.7cm. It corresponds to the column drum of fragment B 369a with 18 axes and a stout astragal (H 7-7,3 cm). The upper side of the drum was evenly cut 6 cm behind the astragal. On its side it, which was positioned opposite the tops of fluting and could possibly have been the top or bottom of the column, breaks off after 4,8 cm. Fragment B 396a belongs to a higher column drum, while fragments B 396b and c originates from an only 11,1-2 cm high column plate. Calculations on the ornament axis has shown a diameter of 7,5-6 cm (Koenigs 2007, 316-317).

This fragment belongs to the same part of a column as B396b and c; the technique, however, marks them as belonging to different columns of varying designs. The cross section of this fragment shows a slightly more prominent curvature and more deeply worked grooves than the other two fragments. The three fragments differ in the number of flutes calculated for the entire column but resemble each other closely in the calculations for the diameter - approximately 43.5cm for each of them -, for theaxes of the ornaments - approximately 7.5-7.6cm for each-, and in the assumption of 18 axes.

Published (Koenigs 2007, 316f. Cat. 5; Petrie 1886, 5f, 13 Pl. 3; Bissing 1951, 69)

Koenigs, W. 2007. Die archaischen griechischen Bauteile aus Naukratis, in Höckmann, U. (ed.), Archäologische Studien zu Naukratis II 2, Worms, 309-352.
Lethaby, W. R. 1908. Greek buildings: represented by fragments in the British museum; I: Diana's Temple at Ephesus, London.
Lethaby, W. R. 1920. “Greek afternoons at the British Museum”, The Builder 1920.
Lethaby, W. R. 1926. “Pre-Hellenic architecture”, The Builder 1926, 913-914.
Lethaby, W. R. 1926. “Geek building origins”, The Builder 1920, 495-496.


Acquisition date
1886

Acquisition name
Donated by Egypt Exploration Fund (biographical details | all objects)
Excavated by Egypt Exploration Fund (biographical details | all objects)


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