Naukratis: Greeks in Egypt

Alexandra Villing, Marianne Bergeron, Giorgos Bourogiannis, Alan Johnston, François Leclère, Aurélia Masson and Ross Thomas

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column

Marble (?) or limestone fragment of a column base.  Two joined fragments, set up on a round plinth made of artificial stone, form a segment of a base (spira). The external surface is treated with flat horizontal bead-mouldings; three wider bead-mouldings and five narrow ones alternate. Horizontal traces of the rotary forming process indicate a similar production technique to that of the first Dipteros of Hera on Samos, although the surface of this base is less carefully smoothed than that of the Samian bases. Similarly, the moulding is far less regular than that of the Samian bases. The traces of rotary forming vary in places - the lateral area in particular - and thus a low rotational speed can be assumed. The upper surface is slightly rounded in diameter and exhibits an opening rest of stone - above a groove of about 3.5cm - which ought to be identified as a remainder of the base torus made of the same stone. The lower surface is not visible but appears to be even. The rear surface consists of an oblique breakage.

AN1191820001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

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Department: Greek & Roman Antiquities

Registration number: 1886,0401.17

Greek and Roman Antiquities catalogue number: Sculpture B391

Bibliographic reference
Villing et al 2013-2015 AA.01 (Phase 3)
Sculpture B391
Koenigs 2007 Cat.no. 1; p. 313-314; pl. 2-3,6,29
Petrie 1886 p. 13, pl. III

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Object types
column (all objects)

Materials
limestone (scope note | all objects)
Production place
Made in Egypt (?) (scope note | all objects)
(Africa,Egypt)
Place (findspot)
Excavated/Findspot First Temple of Apollo (all objects)
(Africa,Egypt,Lower Egypt,Nile Delta,Kom Geif,Naukratis,Sanctuary of Apollo,First Temple of Apollo)
Date
575BC - 560BC
Period/Culture
Archaic Greek (scope note | all objects)


Description
Limestone fragment of a column base. Two joined fragments, set up on a round plinth made of artificial stone, form a segment of a base (spira). The external surface is treated with flat horizontal bead-mouldings; three wider bead-mouldings and five narrow ones alternate. Horizontal traces of the rotary on the upper surface, although the forming varies in places, the lateral area in particular. The upper surface is slightly rounded in diameter and exhibits an opening rest of stone, above a groove of about 3.5cm. The lower surface is not visible but appears to be even. The rear surface consists of an oblique breakage. The fragment consists of a fine-grained, light limestone.

Dimensions
Height: 10.4 centimetres (max)
Width: 48.5 centimetres (max)
Length: 17.5 centimetres
Diameter: 54 centimetres (outer)


Curator's comments
BM Sculpture

Smith, no. 100, 6

Horizontal traces of the rotary forming process indicate a similar production technique to that of the limestone bases of first Dipteros of Hera on Samos (Johannes 1937, 23ff; Henrich 1997), although the surface of this base is less carefully smoothed than that of the Samian bases. Similarly, the moulding is far less regular than that of the Samian bases. The varying of the rotary traces on the upper surface also indicates a low rotational speed can be assumed. The remains of stone on the upper surface ought to be identified as rests of the base torus made of the same stone (Koenigs 2007. 313-314).
Petrie noted and sketched explicitly "another piece of base" which he had found apart from the complete but later destroyed base. His sketch allows for an identification with these fragments (Petrie 1886, 13, Pl. 3).
Published (Wesenberg 1971, Vol. 32, 118 No. 4, 122, 125; Altekamp 1991, 140; Dirschedl 2000, 103 No. S3; 113ff.; Koenigs 2007, 313 Cat.1).

Hendrich, C. 1997. Die Basen und Kapitellen des ersten Dipteros von Samos.
Johannes, H, 1937. AM 62, 1937, 23ff


Acquisition date
1886

Acquisition name
Donated by Egypt Exploration Fund (biographical details | all objects)
Excavated by Egypt Exploration Fund (biographical details | all objects)


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