Roman Republican Coins in the British Museum

E Ghey, I Leins (eds) - descriptions and chronology after MH Crawford

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currency-bar

Cast copper alloy currency bar (aes signatum).

AN835672001001

© The Trustees of the British Museum

Department: Coins & Medals

Registration number: 1867,0212.4

Coins and Medals catalogue number: GC1p66.2

Bibliographic reference
Ghey, Leins & Crawford 2010 12.1.2
RRC 12/1
Haeb 2, p.134
BMC Greek (Italy) 2, p.66
HN Italy 265, p.46

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Object types
currency-bar (all objects)

Denomination
aes signatum
Materials
copper alloy (scope note | all objects)
Techniques
cast (scope note | all objects)
Production place
Minted in Rome (all objects)
(Europe,Italy,Lazio,Rome (province),Rome)
Date
280BC-250BC (circa)
Period/Culture
Roman Republican (scope note | all objects)
Authority
Issuer Anonymous (all objects)
State
Roman Republic


Description
Cast copper alloy currency bar (aes signatum).
(obverse) Two chickens facing each other. Between them stars above and below.
(reverse) Two tridents with two dolphins between.

Dimensions
Weight: 1491 grammes


Curator's comments
The designs on this currency bar are thought to refer to naval battles of the First Punic War (264 BC-241 BC). The tridents and dolphins on the reverse symbolise the sea, and the two stars and chickens on the obverse are thought to refer to the function of Castor and Pollux as protectors of sailors (Crawford 1974, p.718, note 2).


Subject
mammal (all objects)
bird (all objects)
arms/armour (scope note | all objects)


Acquisition date
1867

Acquisition name
Purchased from Giulio Sambon (biographical details | all objects)

Acquisition notes
Formerly in the Guadagni collection, Florence.


Exhibition History
Exhibited:
February 2003 - January 2018, Manchester Museum, Money Gallery LT Loan


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