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Object contexts:
site B (22–7 November 1897)

During this week Site A was finished off and various trials were made in the neighbourhood, gradually advancing in a N.W. direction, but without finding tombs till at a distance of about half-a-mile, where a few tombs turned up, but containing little of interest. This site was provisionally named B.

Trials were also made on the Bamboula, on the path to Maroni, where walls and foundations of buildings came to light, which seemed to indicate Enkomi [type] tombs.

Site B was 0.8km inland to the north-east of Site A, probably to the east of Vournes noted above. Two numbered tombs (27–28) and several others were explored.

Tomb 27

Contents: BM
Materials/objects: Bronze
Chronological range: MC III–LCI
Tomb type/status: ?
Additional information: The frags of a Myc. chariot vase recorded by Walters (but not kept) would extend the life of the tomb down to LC IIB or LC IIC. Johnson 1980, 11, 30.

Tomb 28

Contents: BM
Materials/objects: Pottery
Chronological range: LC I
Tomb type/status: ?
Additional information: Johnson 1980, 11, 30.

Site B: Unnumbered tombs

Several other tombs were opened in this area but not numbered. Two LH IIIA2 stirrup jars were assigned to the Cyprus Museum (Johnson 1980, 31 nos 213–214) but the tomb lists also mention WS I vases (possibly confused with items from Tomb 28); two BR jugs (I and II respectively); and several bronze knives.

Johnson suggested that the tomb numbers 41 and 54 attributed to a number of items from Maroni in the registers of the Cyprus Museum refer to burials from the same sequence (nos 210–212). Walters noted the existence of many unproductive tombs in Site A, and several more in Site B. The notebooks and other records however do not provide any information on this matter, and there is no trace of any of the tombs in the intervening sequence.     

Site C

Site C (also called Bamboula or Vournes by the British Museum team) was a low mound around 500m inland from Tsaroukkas. Although one tomb was found, evidently large and well-built, with its door and bronze hinge intact (see above), the chamber proved to be empty, possibly never used.31 Apart from some fragments of Mycenaean chariot kraters, and stone and terracotta figurines no doubt belonging to the Iron Age sanctuary constructed in the ruins of the ‘Ashlar Building’ in the 7th century BC (see above), there seems to have been little to interest Walters here. Surprisingly, none of the Iron Age items were preserved. The traces of buildings they observed almost certainly correspond to the structures discovered by modern excavations in the area in the 1980s and 1990s.

Excavations between Kalavasos and Mari (Monday 29th November 1897)

Brief excavations took place in late November and early December 1897 between the villages of Kalavasos and Mari, presumably along the course of the Vasilikos valley. One tomb revealed some Mycenaean pottery, possibly at or close to the site of Ayios Dhimitrios mentioned above, but this was not kept; another spot produced some typical Chalcolithic Red-on-Black sherds and some LBA inscribed scarabs (one kept by the BM); a third site produced bronze daggers and pottery with incised decoration (probably Red Polished wares and contemporary metal goods from one of the well-known EC–MC cemeteries in the area). Only the Chalcolithic pottery was preserved or registered by Walters. Todd has suggested that the Chalcolithic sherds may have come from the area of Kalavasos-Ayious, Kokkinoyia/Pamboules, while the earlier Bronze Age material may have been found in the main village near the Panayia church, whose recent construction would have undoubtedly brought to light ancient material.

This material in the Catalogue is numbered B.1 to B.6.