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Guide to the collection III:
Miscellaneous acquisitions

A small portion of the Kourion collection was acquired through casual purchases or donations before and after the two major campaigns mentioned above. These include objects excavated by Cesnola, Ohnefalsch-Richer and other collectors in the area in the 19th and early 20th centuries AD.

Among these were several items sold to the Museum by Percy Christian, presumably as a result of his long-term associations with the Limassol area. Although lacking firm provenances, they are nonetheless extremely important: a stone mould for making rings carved in Late Minoan style is a significant example of Aegean-style art, while a gold and inlaid-stone necklace said to be from the sanctuary of Apollo Hylates is a rare votive dedication from Roman times.

Perhaps the finest of these ‘miscellaneous’ items is illustrated here, the wonderful bronze stand with figural scenes purchased from a London-based businessman P.G. Paulides in 1920 and said to come from the Episkopi area. Its findspot is unknown, but it probably came from a Late Cypriot IIC or III tomb in the lower Kouris valley, perhaps from Bamboula itself or from the site of Erimi just across the valley, which recent discoveries have suggested was also of considerable importance in the Late Bronze Age (see above in the History, culture and burial customs section).

Finally, several pottery vessels and sherds from the sites of Sotira and Erimi were donated by Porphyrios Dikaios and the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus in the 1930s and 1950s. Two Chalcolithic sherds donated to the Museum in the 1960s may also come from Erimi, though this is not certain. These are included here for convenience.

Registration numbers

1876,9-9.74: An early acquisition from Kourion purchased from Cesnola, who dug here in 1874–5 (Cat. M.1)

1884,12-10.329–330: Two items found by Ohnefalsch-Richter in 1883–4 during excavations conducted at Kourion on behalf of private clients (Cat. M.2–M.3)

1889,11-11.1: Cornelian scaraboid with engraved design purchased from collector William Ready (excavated by Max Ohnefalsch-Richter for Samuel Brown in 1883), said to been found close to the acropolis at Kourion (Cat. M.4)

1897,3-16.1: Roman gold necklace inset with garnets, said to have been found in the Sanctuary of Apollo Hylates north of the acropolis, purchased from Percy Christian in this year (Cat. M.5)

1906,3-12.2–3: Pair of Roman earrings from the Episkopi area purchased from Percy Christian (Cat. M.6–M.7)

1917,5-1.294–295, 696, 2073: Jewellery said to have a Kourion provenance bequeathed by Augustus Wollaston Franks, several items of which had previously belong to Rev. Greville Chester (Cat. M8–M.11)

1920,12-20.1: A bronze ajouré stand acquired from P.G. Paulides and said to come from Episkopi village or Kourion (Cat. M.12) 

1924,11-13.1: Chlorite mould for making jewellery of a Late Minoan I type, said to come from Kourion and purchased from Percy Christian in this year (Cat. M.13)

1934,11-4.1–2: Two Red-on-White sherds from P. Dikaios’ excavations at Erimi-Pamboules, donated by the excavator (Cat. M.14–M.15)

1958,12-20.1–2: Two prehistoric vessels from Sotira and Erimi respectively, donated by the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus (Cat. M16–M.17)

1959,2-14.13: Sealstone in a gold setting bequeathed by Marie Francis Talbot Ready. Masson identified this as one of the gems offered to the museum between 1906 and 1908 by Limassol merchant, collector and antiquarian Kleanthes Pierides (Masson 1995) (Cat. M.18)

1960,7-20.1–2: Two Chalcolithic Red-on-White sherds donated by P.A. Bradley in 1960, possibly from Erimi (Cat. M.19–M.20)

1964,12-1.982: Stone whetstone, said to be from Erimi, donated by the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine (Cat. M.21)