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The tombs from the Turner Bequest excavations: Introduction

In the following sections, the tombs explored by the Turner Bequest team are presesented in the order in which they were found, from 1 to 118, followed by the Temple Site in Site C, and as they appear in the Kourion Notebook. This is different from that published in Excavations in Cyprus where the sites are ordered semi-chronologically, beginning with Site D, whose oldest tombs date to the Early and Late Bronze Ages, and ending with E, which included many Roman period burials.

The original order has been kept here to give a sense of the progress and methods of the excavations, especially as some areas were explored very quickly and superficially, but also to allow full integration with the relevant pages of the Notebook, which are provided for each tomb entry. This will allow the reader to follow Walters’ progress as well as illustrating the nature and detail of the original recording, including the objects that were found but not kept. The Notebook also contains sketches of all the areas excavated and several of the tombs, most of which have not been published before now. (See Kiely 2009 for a full transciption of the Notebook text). 

Discarded items are usually crossed out in the Notebook text, while objects not kept by the British Museum lack the registration numbers written (usually in red) next to the relevant entries following the registration of the collection in 1896. Tombs assigned to the Cyprus Museum have an ‘N’ written next to the first line of the entry. 

Each entry records the number of items from the tomb now registered by the Museum, followed by a brief summary of the types of material represented in the collection and the likely chronological range of these items. Information on tomb type and burial customs, where available, is followed by a summary of objects excavated but later discarded, as well as other significant details that help to elucidate the original context. This information is mostly from the Notebook, from which the quotations below are drawn unless otherwise stated. The material assigned to the Cyprus Museum in 1895 was not studied in detail, though all published references are provided in the corresponding place. These mainly pertain to the Bronze Age material which has received the most attention from scholars. All of the CM material will be the subject of a forthcoming study.  

 Standard abbreviations for ceramic terms are used.

Guide to the tombs

Introductions to the sites