From the sea to the deserts and back: New research in Eastern Sudan
The exotic materials discovered at Mersa/Wadi Gawasis, the Middle Kingdom harbour to the Land of Punt, allow us to reconstruct a broad network of relationships extending from the Nile Valley to the fringes of the Eritrean-Ethiopian plateau and to the coastal regions of Arabia. Some of these exotic materials suggest that parts of the Eastern Desert and Eastern Sudan were involved in this network. This paper outlines the archaeological data available from the Eastern Desert of the Sudan and the Eritrean Sudanese lowlands confirming the involvement of these regions in long distance contacts in the 3rd and 2nd millennia BC. This paper will address the available textual evidence suggesting that some parts of the Eastern Desert and Eastern Sudan may have been part of or at least close to Punt, as well as some hypotheses about the possible location of the region of bia (n) Pwnt, ‘the mine of Punt,’ which frequently occurs in the texts from Mersa/Wadi Gawasis.
To reference this article we suggest:
Manzo, Andrea. 2012. From the sea to the deserts and back: New research in Eastern Sudan. BMSAES 18: 75–106. http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/publications/online_journals/bmsaes/issue_18/manzo.aspx