When a Book of the Dead text does not match archaeology: the case of the protective magical bricks (BD 151)

Isabelle Régen

According to BD 151 (sections d–g), four magical bricks should be walled up in the burial chamber of a tomb, positioned in relation to the cardinal points. This ritual is designed to protect the mummy and tomb and is documented in papyri from early Dynasty 18 onwards, but also attested in tombs from the reign of Thutmosis III until that of Nectanebo I. This paper illustrates how the practical application of the ritual can differ from the tradition described in textual sources.

When a Book of the Dead text does not match archaeology: the case of the protective magical bricks (BD 151)

To reference this article we suggest:

Régen, I. 2010. When a Book of the Dead text does not match archaeology: The case of the protective magical bricks (BD 151). BMSAES 15, 267–78. http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/online_journals/bmsaes/issue_15/regen.aspx

Contact the author

isabelle.regen@univ-montp3.fr