Ancient Cyprus in the British Museum

Edited by Thomas Kiely

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Tombs guide – 11-20

Tomb 11

Contents: one registered object
Materials/objects: Faience head goblet
Chronological range of objects: LCII
Tomb type and status: Built tomb, disturbed
Additional information: the notebook states that the tomb was empty apart from the head goblet and filled with earth. Presumably looted in antiquity. Sherds of Late Helladic pottery found in dromos.


Tomb 12

Contents: 57 registered objects
Materials/objects: goldwork and silver jewellery, faience beads and vessels, ivories, stone tripod, cylinder seal, pottery (nearly all Late Helladic and mainly sherds)
Chronological range of objects: LCI-IIC, possibly into IIIA
Tomb type and status: built tomb, looted
Additional information: the tomb was discovered, and subsequently looted, when an ox ploughing had put its foot through the roof. Described in the notebook as containing ‘an enormous mass of broken pottery’, some of which was allocated to the CM. CVA CM: LH IIB and/or IIIA1.


Tomb 13

Contents: Late Helladic sherds and fragment of a presumably Cypro-Archaic limestone figure mentioned in the notebook but the tomb is not listed as assigned to either museum so it was perhaps not retained.
Tomb type and status: probably chamber tomb, presumably disturbed


Tomb 14

Contents: held in the Cyprus Museum
Materials/objects: goldwork and silver jewellery, faience cylinder seal and vessel, ivory, terracotta figure on a horse, whole vessels and sherds
Chronological range of objects: LCIIA or IIB-C, possibly later
Tomb type and status: chamber tomb, presumably disturbed
Additional information: tomb described as ‘sunk in the rock like a well’, presumably the dromos. Other Cypriot (White Slip, Base Ring and Bucchero) and Late Helladic pottery. SCE IV1C: LH III.


Tomb 15

Contents: nine registered objects
Materials/objects: gold strips, bronze vessel, dagger, spear-head and greaves
Chronological range of objects: LCIB-III, likely use LCIIC-III
Tomb type and status: chamber tomb, looted
Additional information: tomb described as ‘sunk in the rock like a well’, presumably the dromos. Also mentioned are at least three bronze bowls, tripod fragments and a stone vessel.


Tomb 16

Contents: 16 registered, a total of 15 objects as two fragments are from the same stone vessel. Two objects from the 1969 sequence are from either tomb 16 or 91.
Materials/objects: goldwork, stone vessels, ivories and stone sculpture
Chronological range of objects: LCIB-III, re-used in Cypro-Archaic
Tomb type and status: chamber tomb, looted
Additional information: it is unclear if all the objects were found in the dromos but the largest limestone head certainly was. Additional bronze weapons and vessels and two stone vessels are mentioned.


Tomb 17

Contents: three registered objects
Materials/objects: ivory mirror handle, pottery
Chronological range of objects: LCII-III
Tomb type and status: chamber tomb with three chambers off one dromos, two of which were completely empty, looted
Additional information: also bronze knives and ‘stone figures of the Cypriote type’, presumably Cypro-Archaic sculpture. CVA CM: LH IIIB.


Tomb 18

Contents: Late Helladic and presumably Cypriot sherds, a gold strip and a silver ring mentioned in the notebook but the tomb is not listed as assigned to either museum.
Tomb type and status: probably chamber tomb, presumably disturbed


Tomb 19

Contents: 99 registered objects
Materials/objects: goldwork and silver jewellery, faience head goblet and bead, lapis lazuili cylinder seal, ivory disc, pottery vessel
Chronological range of objects: LCIA-IIC, possibly into LCIIIA
Tomb type and status: chamber tomb, seemingly disturbed despite its wealth as some objects found in dromos
Additional information: silver and gold jewellery, faience and stone beads, hematite weights, faience vessel, Red Lustrous Wheelmade ware and other local pottery, Late Helladic pottery, ivories are also noted. It is very likely that some of the objects from this tomb are amongst those which cannot now be assigned to specific tombs. There are two sets of 1897,0401 series registered hematite weights not assigned to specific tombs. Nine from .1394-1402 and six from .1564-9. Seven of these are likely to be from Tomb 19 but it is not possible to tell which ones. One of the ivory pomegranates (1897,0401.1367 or 1563) almost certainly comes from this tomb as it is mentioned in the notebook, along with a further two engraved discs, but it is not possible to establish which.


Tomb 20

Contents: held in the Cyprus Museum
Materials/objects: goldwork, scarabs, bronzes, Late Helladic pottery and a figurine
Chronological range of objects: LCIA-II
Tomb type and status: chamber tomb, presumably disturbed as sherds mentioned
Additional information: CVA CM: LH IIIA2 and IIIB; SCE IV1C: White Painted VI