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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

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Your search with the following terms: Henry Salt returned 1,659 results.


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Henry Salt


  • No image

    bowl

    Brown pottery bowl with circular foot, wide base and slightly convex sides, the exterior is grooved, the whole is covered with a red-brown slip, there is a maker's mark ('SEX MANU') stamped in the centre.

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Roman
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • tool/implement

    Calcite implement in form thin blunt-ended blade with thet-girdle terminal.

    • Object type: tool/implement
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    papyrus

    Papyrus written with black ink with demotic text (draft of letter?) on recto (12 ll.) and verso (12 ll.). Thompson's MS Catalogue: "old papyrus re-used - written on both sides in a rough heavy hand".

    • Object type: papyrus
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ptolemaic
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • papyrus

    Papyrus written with black ink with demotic funerary text; vignette, 1 l. of pseudo-hieroglyphic and 11 ll. of demotic (Book of Breathings) on recto, 1 l. of demotic on verso.

    • Object type: papyrus
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Roman Period
    • Production date: 3rdC
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • papyrus

    Papyrus written with black ink with demotic legal text (damaged, 10 ll.) and Greek docket (3 ll.) on recto. Dated year 47 Tybi 5 of Ptolemy Euergetes II. Cession of liturgies in connection with tombs in the cemetery of Djeme (Medinet...

    • Object type: papyrus
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ptolemaic
    • Production date: 124BC-123BC
    • Find spot: Armant
  • No image

    papyrus

    Funerary papyrus of [..]-tasheret containing First Book of Breathing (abridged version) written in hieratic script on the recto and verso; black line vignette;

    • Object type: papyrus
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Roman Period
    • Production date: 1stC-2ndC
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    papyrus

    Funerary papyrus containing Book of Breathing written in hieratic script recto and verso.

    • Object type: papyrus
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Roman Period
    • Production date: 1stC-2ndC
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • papyrus

    Funerary papyrus of Padikhonspakhered (two fragments) containing Book of Traversing Eternity (short version) written in hieratic script.

    • Object type: papyrus
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Roman Period
    • Production date: 1stC-2ndC
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • papyrus

    Funerary papyrus of Padikhonspakhered containing Book of Traversing Eternity (short version) written in hieratic script.

    • Object type: papyrus
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Roman Period
    • Production date: 1stC-2ndC
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    papyrus

    Fragment of papyrus; Hieratic epistolary text recto and verso.

    • Object type: papyrus
    • Culture/period/dynasty: 20th Dynasty
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • papyrus

    Papyrus written with black ink with administrative text. 12 lines on recto and 7 on verso; this is is the upper part of EA 10341 (R. J. Demaree, pers. comm.) Thompson's MS Catalogue (numbered as 10118 E): "recto. 11 ll. accounts relating...

    • Object type: papyrus
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Late Period
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • papyrus

    Papyrus written with black ink with demotic administrative text. Writing on recto only, 3 lines. Thompson's MS Catalogue (numbered as 10118 D): " dated "Pharmuthi" [...] Date. Persian. prob. Darius. Origin. uncertain".

    • Object type: papyrus
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Late Period
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • papyrus

    Papyrus written with black ink with demotic administrative text. Writing on recto only, 8 lines. Thompson's MS Catalogue (numbered as 10118 C): "accounts relating to wheat and barley [...] Date. Persian. prob. Darius. Origin....

    • Object type: papyrus
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Late Period
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • papyrus

    Papyrus written with black ink with demotic administrative text. Writing on recto only, 9 lines. Thompson's MS Catalogue (numbered as 10118 B): "accounts, dated year 17 Pharmuthi 9 [...] Date. Persian. prob. Darius. Origin. uncertain".

    • Object type: papyrus
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Late Period
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • papyrus

    Papyrus written with black ink with demotic administrative text. Writing on recto only, in two directions: 3 lines along the fibres and 2 lines across them. Thompson's MS Catalogue (numbered as 10118 A): "in one corner "128"; on opposite...

    • Object type: papyrus
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Late Period
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    papyrus

    Book of the Dead; five fragments; black outline vignette.

    • Object type: papyrus
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Late Period
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    papyrus

    Funerary papyrus of Candace containing Second Book of Breathing (abridged version) written in hieratic script. First line on the recto is written in hieroglyphs. Greek text on the verso.

    • Object type: papyrus
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Roman Period
    • Production date: 1stC(late)-2ndC(early)
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    papyrus

    Book of the Dead of Candace; Hieratic text verso and recto; black outline vignettes.

    • Object type: papyrus
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Roman Period
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • papyrus

    Papyrus; thirty-one lines of Hieratic epistolary text;Late Ramesside Letter no. 28, from Butehamun to Piankh, informing the general why his orders have not been carried out.

    • Object type: papyrus
    • Culture/period/dynasty: 20th Dynasty
    • Find spot: Thebes
  • mummy-wrapping; animal mummy

    Mummified baboon; linen wrappings.

    • Object type: mummy-wrapping; animal mummy
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ptolemaic
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • papyrus

    Demotic papyrus written with black ink with demotic legal text. Thompson's MS Catalogue: "recto 11 ll. verso pasted down. Contents. lease of land for a year granted by a prophet of Amonrasonter, Psamtek son of Anchpechrat to a group of 15...

    • Object type: papyrus
    • Culture/period/dynasty: 26th Dynasty
    • Production date: 556BC-555BC
    • Find spot: Thebes
  • figure

    Steatite figure of a seated cat; fore-legs damaged; plinth re-affixed to the body.

    • Object type: figure
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    box

    Wall of a wooden box(?); sides painted white, ends painted red and blue; notches cut into the lower corners.

    • Object type: box
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • shabti

    Calcite royal shabti wearing the nemes; the face is lost; crossed hands in relief; the surviving leg section is inscribed with a central column of Hieroglyphic text and two rows; much of the leg section is lost.

    • Object type: shabti
    • Culture/period/dynasty: 20th Dynasty
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    shabti

    Wooden shabti with a lappet-wig, a modelled face and parallel hands; damage to the foot; traces of bitumen.

    • Object type: shabti
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    shabti

    Wooden shabti with a lappet-wig, a modelled face and no other detail; coated in a thick layer of bitumen(worn).

    • Object type: shabti
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    shabti

    Wooden shabti with a lappet-wig, a modelled face and crossed arms; rows of Hieroglyphic text on the leg section almost obscured by the coating of bitumen.

    • Object type: shabti
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    shabti

    Wooden shabti with a lappet-wig, a modelled face and parallel hands; covered in a layer of bitumen(worn).

    • Object type: shabti
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    shabti

    Wooden shabti with a lappet-wig, a modelled face and crossed arms; traces of bitumen.

    • Object type: shabti
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    figure

    Bronze standing figure of a falcon-headed god; the headdress is lost; the eyes are inlaid with obsidian within golden frames; the left hand is clenched to the chest and originally held an implement; short kilt; band of Hieroglyphic text...

    • Object type: figure
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • amulet

    Blue glazed composition amulet in the form of a seated cat with a kitten between the forepaws; suspension ring on the back.

    • Object type: amulet
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    shabti

    Carved wooden shabti with a lappet-wig, a modelled face and parallel hands in relief holding two relief hoes and the string of the seed-bag that hangs over the shoulder; covered in a layer of resin(?).

    • Object type: shabti
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ramesside
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    shabti

    Crudely carved wooden shabti with a lappet-wig, a modelled face and a beard; the hands are unmarked; there is a peg beneath the foot(damaged); covered in a worn layer of resin(?).

    • Object type: shabti
    • Culture/period/dynasty: New Kingdom
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    shabti

    Carved wooden shabti with a lappet-wig, a modelled face and parallel hands in low relief; covered in a worn layer of resin(?); part of the foot has broken away.

    • Object type: shabti
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ramesside
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    shabti

    Carved wooden shabti with a lappet-wig, a modelled face and parallel hands in relief; covered in a worn layer of resin(?).

    • Object type: shabti
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ramesside
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • shabti

    Carved wooden shabti with a lappet-wig, a modelled face and parallel hands in relief; covered in a worn layer of resin(?).

    • Object type: shabti
    • Culture/period/dynasty: 19th Dynasty
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    shabti

    Wooden shabti with a lappet-wig, a modelled face and parallel hands in relief holding two incised hoes and the string of the seed-bag that hangs over the shoulder; covered in a worn layer of resin(?).

    • Object type: shabti
    • Culture/period/dynasty: 19th Dynasty
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    amphora

    Redware pottery amphora with a small foot, an angular base, convex sides(damaged), two strap-handles(one missing) and a neck with an everted rim.

    • Object type: amphora
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • plaque

    Tin plaque incised with sun disc flanked by uraei and wings.

    • Object type: plaque
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    figure

    Upper arm from a wooden figure; hole at the shoulder for a tenon; slit at the elbow joint.

    • Object type: figure
    • Find spot: Biban el-Muluk
  • No image

    basket

    Circular section of basketry, from the lid or bottom of a basket (?), made of woven reeds and palm leaves.

    • Object type: basket
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    brush

    Reed brush(?) held together with fibre; knob on one side.

    • Object type: brush
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    amuletic wand

    Part of a wand of wood, stuccoed and painted white, with traces of black resin, in the form of a head of a snake, broken off at the neck.

    • Object type: amuletic wand
    • Culture/period/dynasty: New Kingdom
    • Find spot: Biban el-Muluk
  • No image

    basket

    Rectangular fragment of a basket made of woven palm leaves (?).

    • Object type: basket
    • Culture/period/dynasty: New Kingdom
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    figure; amulet

    Solid-cast copper alloy figure of a falcon with a sun-disc on the head; broken suspension loop behind; flat rectangular base.

    • Object type: figure; amulet
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Late Period
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    figure-fitting

    Solid-cast copper alloy ram's horn; ribbed surface; pierced on one side.

    • Object type: figure-fitting
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Late Period
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    figure; amulet

    Solid-cast copper alloy figure of an ichneumon on a base; suspension loop on the back; tail lost.

    • Object type: figure; amulet
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Late Period
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    figure

    Black and yellow painted wooden figure of a deity.

    • Object type: figure
    • Culture/period/dynasty: New Kingdom
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    lid; basket

    Part of the lid of a basket, made of plant fibre and painted black and red, oval and domed in form.

    • Object type: lid; basket
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    handle

    Cylindrical wooden handle which widens to the oval terminal.

    • Object type: handle
    • Culture/period/dynasty: New Kingdom
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    artefact

    Section of reed wrapped in linen.

    • Object type: artefact
    • Culture/period/dynasty: New Kingdom
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    vase

    Pottery vase.

    • Object type: vase
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Graeco-Roman
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    vase

    Pottery vase with two handles at the rim. The vessel has a low ring-foot and near vertical sides, rising to a curved shoulder. The mouth is surrounded by an everted rim. The vase is filled with debris, including much bone.

    • Object type: vase
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Graeco-Roman
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    vase

    Painted pottery vase.

    • Object type: vase
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Graeco-Roman
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    vase

    Pottery vase.

    • Object type: vase
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Coptic
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    inlay

    Bronze eyebrow for inlaying.

    • Object type: inlay
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Late Period
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    lid; box

    Part of the lid from a provision box, made of wood and black resin, in the form of the body of a duck, slightly concave on inside, with holes top and bottom for attachment.

    • Object type: lid; box
    • Culture/period/dynasty: New Kingdom
    • Find spot: Biban el-Muluk
  • No image

    musical pipe

    Straw: broken off just below the node; it may possibly have been intended for cutting and use in the fashioning of double reeds.

    • Object type: musical pipe
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    musical pipe

    Double-reed (?) pipe: with four holes which have been burnt into the instrument and are unevenly spaced. The bore is cylindrical and narrows towards the distal end.

    • Object type: musical pipe
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    musical pipe

    Straw: one end appears to have been cut diagonally just below a node; the other end is split and rough. The straw may possibly have been intended for cutting and use in the fashioning of double reeds.

    • Object type: musical pipe
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    handle; furniture-fitting

    Furniture-fitting, part of an incised wooden handle, rounded at one end, with wedge-shaped tenon at other for attachment, with two holes pierced, one right through.

    • Object type: handle; furniture-fitting
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    brush

    Fibre brush covered with linen(?) and impregnated with resin.

    • Object type: brush
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    spindle-whorl; spindle

    Wooden spindle-whorl, circular, pierced through centre, still on spindle.

    • Object type: spindle-whorl; spindle
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    spindle-whorl; spindle

    Wooden spindle-whorl, circular, pierced through centre, still on spindle.

    • Object type: spindle-whorl; spindle
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    spindle-whorl; spindle

    Wooden spindle, tubular, notched at top, with two spindle-whorls still attached.

    • Object type: spindle-whorl; spindle
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    basket

    Basket made of woven palm leaves, oval and low-sided, sides now unravelling.

    • Object type: basket
    • Culture/period/dynasty: New Kingdom
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    ostracon

    Pottery ostracon with practice texts.

    • Object type: ostracon
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Coptic
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    amulet

    Steatite amulet in the form of a ram's head amulet, nose broken off at neck, with sun-disc? on head, suspension loop behind.

    • Object type: amulet
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Third Intermediate
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • papyrus

    Fragment of funerary papyrus with Amduat.

    • Object type: papyrus
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Late Period
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    amulet

    Amulet in the form of an ankh, made of acacia wood and painted red with black resin deposits.

    • Object type: amulet
    • Culture/period/dynasty: New Kingdom
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    box

    Wooden box for shabti figures

    • Object type: box
  • papyrus

    Hieratic memorandum on recto and verso

    • Object type: papyrus
    • Culture/period/dynasty: New Kingdom
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    figure

    Painted sycomore fig wood figure of a Ba-bird; plinth and headdress broken.

    • Object type: figure
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • funerary equipment; figure

    Sycomore fig wood figure of a jackal, from a funerary context, head and body made separately, tail missing, originally covered with gessoe and painted black.

    • Object type: funerary equipment; figure
    • Culture/period/dynasty: 26th Dynasty; 25th Dynasty
    • Production date: 747BC-525BC
    • Find spot: Thebes
  • No image

    papyrus

    Papyrus; Hieratic epistolary text recto and verso. Late Ramesside Letter no. 42, from unknown author to Henuttawi, incomplete.

    • Object type: papyrus
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ramesside
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • papyrus

    Papyrus; Hieratic epistolary text recto and verso. Late Ramesside Letter no. 14, from Amenhotep to Dhutmose, phatic.

    • Object type: papyrus
    • Culture/period/dynasty: 20th Dynasty
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    figure

    Clay mummiform figurine which was extracted from within the wrappings of the mummy of the incense-bearer of the temple of Amun, Hor (EA6659). Radiography has revealed that it contains a small, unidentified cylindrical object.

    • Object type: figure
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Third Intermediate
    • Find spot: Thebes
  • No image

    heart-amulet

    Green jasper heart-amulet with a perforated loop at the top. The exterior of this loop bears incised grooves. Incised lines on the surface of the object and hatching near the base.

    • Object type: heart-amulet
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • ostracon

    Pottery ostracon: on one side (convex) only, seven lines of an incomplete text concerning payment made by Amenemope to the carpenter Meryre for a bed.

    • Object type: ostracon
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ramesside
    • Find spot: Deir el-Medina
  • plinth

    Painted and stuccoed sycomore fig wood plinth for a Ptah-Sokar-Osiris figure, with a cavity and mortise for the attachment of a figure.

    • Object type: plinth
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Late Period
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    figure

    Part of the leg of a seated figure, made of wood and covered with black resin, knee to ankle with mortise and tenon joints at both ends.

    • Object type: figure
    • Culture/period/dynasty: 19th Dynasty
    • Find spot: Biban el-Muluk
  • No image

    ewer

    Bronze ewer; shouldered body; long spout.

    • Object type: ewer
    • Culture/period/dynasty: New Kingdom
    • Find spot: Abydos
  • No image

    chair

    Seat of a chair: square wooden frame covered with painted and gessoed linen.

    • Object type: chair
    • Culture/period/dynasty: New Kingdom
    • Find spot: Thebes
  • chair

    High-backed chair of sycomore fig wood; seat of woven string(worn).

    • Object type: chair
    • Culture/period/dynasty: New Kingdom
    • Find spot: Thebes
  • No image

    dish

    Large red-brown pottery dish with rounded base and flaring sides, traces of a grey-brown slip survive.

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Roman Period
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    dish

    Red-brown pottery dish with circular base-ring and flaring sides, the rim is elaborated with a black-painted band.

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Roman Period
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    dish

    Red-brown pottery dish with slightly rounded base, flaring sides and wide everted ledge-rim, the exterior and rim are painted brown-black.

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Roman
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    figure

    Lower-leg from a seated sycomore fig wood figure; mortise and tenon joint at the knee.

    • Object type: figure
    • Culture/period/dynasty: 19th Dynasty
    • Find spot: Biban el-Muluk
  • No image

    figure

    Part of the art of a figure, probably of a deity, gessoed and painted, with linen and bitumen covering, hand outstretched with palm facing upwards, with tenon at top.

    • Object type: figure
    • Culture/period/dynasty: 19th Dynasty
    • Find spot: Biban el-Muluk
  • mummy-wrapping; animal mummy

    Mummified bullock; linen wrappings(geometric pattern on chest); false eyes.

    • Object type: mummy-wrapping; animal mummy
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Roman Period
    • Find spot: Thebes
  • stool

    Wooden stool with lattice bracing, gessoed and painted white. The double-cove seat is formed of curved strips of wood with four slats in the centre. The wood was either steamed and bent or cut to shape. The surface has been gessoed and...

    • Object type: stool
    • Culture/period/dynasty: 18th Dynasty
    • Find spot: Thebes
  • No image

    coffin

    Head and upper body section of anthropoid pottery coffin-lid.

    • Object type: coffin
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    bowl

    Burnished red-brown pottery bowl with flat base, flaring sides and inverted rim, parts of the rim and interior are encrusted with a grey-coloured deposit.

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Roman
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    bowl

    Red-brown pottery bowl with circular foot, convex sides and slightly inverted rim, the whole was covered with a burnished red-brown slip.

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ptolemaic
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    incense-burner

    Pale-red pottery incense-burner with flaring foot, short stem, convex body and everted rim, the body is pierced in three places, the exterior is covered with a light-brown slip.

    • Object type: incense-burner
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ptolemaic
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • mummy-wrapping; animal mummy

    Mummified jackal; linen wrappings.

    • Object type: mummy-wrapping; animal mummy
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Roman Period
    • Find spot: Thebes
  • cushion

    Oval cushion: linen case stuffed with feathers of water-fowl; split open.

    • Object type: cushion
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    amphora

    Calcite amphora with pointed base.

    • Object type: amphora
    • Culture/period/dynasty: New Kingdom
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • statue

    Limestone hierakosphinx.

    • Object type: statue
    • Culture/period/dynasty: 19th Dynasty
    • Find spot: Temple of Ramses II
  • No image

    bowl

    Light-brown pottery bowl with circular foot, convex sides and slightly inverted rim, the whole is covered with a red slip, the exterior is now very worn and the rim is chipped.

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Roman
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • No image

    temple-relief

    Fragment of temple relief with part of a scene in sunk-relief showing the face of a king wearing the nemes on the left, holding two Hathor-headed sistra in front of him. One sistrum is complete, the other shows only as a trace on the right...

    • Object type: temple-relief
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ptolemaic
    • Find spot: Egypt
  • head-rest

    Wooden head-rest.

    • Object type: head-rest
    • Find spot: Egypt