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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

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Your search with the following terms: Sir Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art returned 1,630 results.


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Sir Percival David Foundation of Chinese Art


  • wine-jar

    Porcelain wine-jar with a short constricted neck, wide mouth, broad shoulders, and a slightly concave base. The wine-jar has a green-glazed interior. There are multi-coloured clouds in fahua-style with blue, turquoise and yellow lead...

    • Object type: wine-jar
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1488-1505
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Porcelain dish painted with iron brown enamel against a white ground. Inside, incised single spray of gardenia in the centre with four flower and fruit sprays in the cavetto, including grapevine, lotus, pomegranate and persimmon. Outside...

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Hongzhi
    • Production date: 1488-1505
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • temple-vase

    Porcelain temple-vase of bronze form with long neck, thick mouth rim, and two animal mask handles on the neck. There is a band of rocks and waves in underglaze cobalt blue rising from the base, a band of scrolling lotus leaves around the...

    • Object type: temple-vase
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Hongzhi
    • Production date: 1488-1505
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Porcelain dish with rounded sides. The dish has yellow enamel over a plain felspathic glaze. There is a mark in underglaze blue on the base.

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Hongzhi
    • Production date: 1488-1505
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • vase-stand; vase

    Porcelain reticulated vase with tube-like straight neck, small mouth, flattened shoulders and a narrow flat base, on a ceramic stand. There is an openwork design of rocks and waves, and applied plaintain, lotus, chysanthemum and peony in...

    • Object type: vase-stand; vase
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1488-1505
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • bowl

    Double porcelain bowl with porcelain dish set in the interior sealing the top and a hole at the base. Underglaze blue with scrolling lotus and lappets. Two flying dragons, feiyu, inside with water weeds.

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Hongzhi
    • Production date: 1488-1505
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Porcelain dish. Decorated inside with incised dragon painted in green enamel directly on biscuit. On outside, two incised dragons, one in yellow and the other in aubergine enamel, against colourless glazed background with incised waves....

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Hongzhi
    • Production date: 1488-1505
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Porcelain dish. Underglaze blue with a band of two five-clawed dragons amid lotus and waterweeds on the exterior . Roundel with dragon in waterweeds with lotus inside. There is an inscription on the base.

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Hongzhi
    • Production date: 1488-1505
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • bowl

    Porcelain bowl. Covered in yellow enamel over high-fired glaze. Transparent glaze on base, with inscription.

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Hongzhi
    • Production date: 1488-1505
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • stem cup

    Stem porcelain cup. Underglaze blue with wide band of aquatic plants rising from waves. Bands of waves, clouds and squared spirals on stem. White conch shell on waves in roundel in the centre and four flying horses and clouds around the...

    • Object type: stem cup
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Hongzhi
    • Production date: 1488-1505
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • bowl

    Porcelain bowl. Underglaze blue with wide band of scrolling Buddhist emblems and leaves above a band of overlapping ruyi heads just above foot. Central roundel inside with stylised flower and leaves.

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Hongzhi
    • Production date: 1488-1505
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • screen

    Longquan stoneware table screen of imitation wooden form, with integral stand. The stand has a pale grey body and crackled blue-green glaze. There is a qilin in a landscape with lingzhi fungus in one corner, and the clouds and sun above....

    • Object type: screen
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Hongzhi
    • Production date: 1492
    • Production place: Longquan (area)
  • screen

    Longquan stoneware table screen of imitation wooden form, with integral stand. The stand has a pale grey body and matt, semi-opaque crackled blue-green glaze. There is a standing man wearing an official hat carved on the stand. There is an...

    • Object type: screen
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Hongzhi
    • Production date: 1492
    • Production place: Longquan (area)
  • vase

    Soft Jun stoneware vase in 'double gourd' form. The vase has thick, opaque sky blue glaze and a single purple in-glaze copper 'splash' and grey stained crackle.

    • Object type: vase
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1500-1644
    • Production place: China
  • dish

    Zhangzhou Export Ware porcelain dish with deep rounded sides and everted rim. Swatow type. There is a marine compass in red, turquoise and black overglaze enamels in the centre of the interior, the characters 'tai ji' (supreme ultimate),...

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC-17thC
    • Production place: Zhangzhou
  • bowl

    Porcelain bowl with straight rim. The bowl has blue tinged glaze.

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • screen

    Longquan stoneware rectangular table screen with integral stand of lion heads and scrolls in relief. The screen has uneven grey-green glaze. On one side of the screen, there are carved fish in waves in the central panel, two children with...

    • Object type: screen
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1500-1600
    • Production place: Longquan (area)
  • water-pot

    Soft Jun stoneware water pot in form of peach with twig and three leaves attached. The water-pot has a buff body and sky-blue glaze on interior and exterior with three faint purple marks on the exterior near the pointed end of the peach....

    • Object type: water-pot
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1500-1644
    • Production place: China
  • vase

    Zhangzhou export ware porcelain vase of form inspired by ancient bronzes, with two large square handles. Painted in Swatow style with red, green, turquoise and black overglaze enamels. Band of chevrons in red at rim and flowering branches...

    • Object type: vase
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC-17thC(early)
    • Production place: Zhangzhou
  • stem cup

    Porcelain stem cup . Decorated in wucai style, with underglaze blue and overglaze red, green, ochre and black enamels. Medallion with floral roundel inside in centre, with boys running with kites and banners around sides. On outside, boys...

    • Object type: stem cup
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC-17thC
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Large Zhangzhou Export Ware porcelain dish of Swatow type, with bracketed rim. Underglaze blue inside with a central roundel featuring ducks and waterfowl in a pond with aquatic plants and a grassy shoreline. Ogival panels around the...

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC-17thC
    • Production place: Zhangzhou
  • cup

    Small porcelain cup. Underglaze blue in pencilled style with flying horses amid clouds. Parallel lines above base.

    • Object type: cup
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • bowl

    Porcelain bowl. Underglaze blue with single line just below rim and at top of foot. Central roundel inside with inscription in a single ring.

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1500-1644
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • bowl

    Conical Porcelain bowl. Underglaze blue wide band of two phoenixes amid scrolling flowers and leaves. Three tall rocks in waves with men and fighting water buffalo on the interior. Trellis patterns around the rim. There is an inscription on...

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC-17thC
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • cup-stand

    Porcelain cup-stand with flattened rim, shallow well and small central recess. Covered inside and outside with green enamel over pale celadon type glaze. Decorated in gold (kinrande) with flower and fruit sprays on the front and two...

    • Object type: cup-stand
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • tile

    Porcelain rectangular tile. There are two dragons chasing a flaming pearl among ruyi clouds in green lead silicate enamels on a yellow ground.

    • Object type: tile
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Zhangzhou Export ware porcelain dish with slightly flattened rim. Swatow type. There is a 'fu' character (good fortune) in turquoise overglaze enamel in the centre, two turquoise dragons with clouds and flames in red and green enamels,...

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC-17thC
    • Production place: Zhangzhou
  • bowl

    Porcelain bowl. The bowl has a white body and transparent glaze. There are dragons among clouds moulded on the interior, and a single dragon incised in the well. There is a firing crack on the base.

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1500-1530
  • vase

    Brown porcellaneous stoneware vase with bulbous body and wide spreading foot and trumpet mouth. The vase has a thin brown glaze all over except flat base. There are incised lines running around shoulders and waist, and an inscription on the...

    • Object type: vase
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1500-1644
  • screen

    Porcelain decorative panel or screen set in a wooden frame. There are high relief decorations of Shou Lao and the Eight Immortals standing on clouds, in biscuit on a ground of on-biscuit blue enamel on the front, and lotus sprays incised...

    • Object type: screen
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC
    • Production place: China
  • stand

    Porcelain circular brush stand with five large apertures on top. There is a lotus scroll band in Fahua style on-biscuit blue, turquoise, aubergine and yellow enamel on the exterior.

    • Object type: stand
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • jar

    Octagonal ovoid porcelain jar with thickened mouth rim. There are eight rectangular panels, each containing a cartouche panel with an inscription, in overglaze red, green and yellow enamel with kinrande gilding on the body, eight panels,...

    • Object type: jar
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • wine-vessel

    Porcelain wine vessel in form of a pair of mandarin ducks, with female's head lying flat behind that of the drake. Decorated in wucai style with underglaze blue and overglaze green, red and yellow enamels. Water weeds and lotus leaves below...

    • Object type: wine-vessel
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC-17thC
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • bowl

    Porcelain bowl of slightly depressed globular form with inturned rim. The bowl has blue glaze on the exterior, and bluish-white glaze on the interior. There is an inscription in underglaze blue on the base.

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • vase

    Porcelain gourd vase with rectangular lower bulb, and rounded upper bulb with tapering neck. The vase has green enamel over a white felspathic glaze, white glazed base. There are traces of gilt peony scrolls on the upper and lower...

    • Object type: vase
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • bowl

    Porcelain bowl with rounded sides and everted rim, with a slightly tapered footring deeply undercut inside. There is a man on a flowery bank with a waterfall within a double circle in overglaze red, green, yellow, purplish brown and...

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1500
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Swatow-type Zhangzhou Export Ware porcelain dish. Decorated in red, turquoise, green and black overglaze enamels. Inside in centre, a medallion of a peony reserved in white against a red ground. Around it, two flying phoenix in black and...

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC-17thC
    • Production place: Zhangzhou
  • brush-washer

    Ding-type porcelain square brush-washer, with eight-lobed sides and a copper-bound rim. Creamy white. There are lotus flowers and leaves moulded in the centre, with a floral scroll on the rim.

    • Object type: brush-washer
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC-17thC
    • Production place: China
  • vase

    Longquan stoneware vase of archaic jade cong form, with square body and short cylindirical neck and foot. The vase has thick green-grey glaze with brown stained crackle.

    • Object type: vase
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1500-1600
    • Production place: Longquan (area)
  • water-dropper

    Soft Jun stoneware water-dropper in a pear shape with a small mouth. The water-dropper has thick bright blue glaze with three purple in-glaze copper splashes and a fine crackle.

    • Object type: water-dropper
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1500-1644
    • Production place: China
  • bowl

    Porcelain bowl. The bowl has a white body. There are four formal lotus flowers and scrolls in kinrande underglaze gilding around the exterior. There is a mark on the base. Pair with A464.

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • flower-pot-stand

    Longquan type stoneware flower-pot-stand with three small feet. The flower-pot-stand has a fine grey body and olive green irregularly crackled glaze. There is an inscription in a band below the rim. The base and the centre of the interior...

    • Object type: flower-pot-stand
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1500-1600
    • Production place: Longquan (area)
  • bowl

    Porcelain bowl with deep rounded sides and straight rim. There are four Buddhist lions with ribbons in black, turquoise and yellow overglaze enamel on the interior, and men with servant boys next to a lotus pond on the exterior. Circular...

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1500-1550
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • meiping

    Soft Jun stoneware 'meiping' vase with wide shoulders and everted mouth, and body tapering to a low foot. The vase has a brown body and thick sky blue glaze with fine, even crackle stained dark grey, with pinkish-red patches at the shoulder...

    • Object type: meiping
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Qing dynasty; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC-19thC
    • Production place: China
  • incense-burner

    Round, box-shaped incense burner. Four pierced cash motif roundels on the sides and also on top. Underglaze blue with wide band of scrolling lotus and leaves on lower half and lotus and porcelain waterweeds alternating with chrysanthemum in...

    • Object type: incense-burner
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC-17thC
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • bowl

    Porcelain bowl. Underglaze blue with wide band of numerous shou (long life) characters in regular pattern. There is an inscription on the base.

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1500-1644
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • bowl

    Porcelain bowl. Covered in green enamel on the exterior, with gilt (kinrande) lotus scrolls. Underglaze blue inside, with flower spray in the centre and diaper band at the rim. There is an inscription on the base.

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • water-pot

    Soft Jun stoneware water-pot with depressed globular body. The water-pot has a reddish body and thick sky blue glaze with fine, even crackle. The foot has been ground down.

    • Object type: water-pot
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Qing dynasty; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC-19thC
    • Production place: China
  • bird-feeder

    Small porcelain bird feeder in the form of a section of bamboo. Underglaze blue with a stylised flower head on each end and small flower and leaf sprays around each section. Horizontal inscription on side.

    • Object type: bird-feeder
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC-17thC
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • brush-rest

    Porcelain brush-rest in the form of a series of peaked mountains on semi-circular base. Underglaze blue with naturalistically defined individual peaks and an applied relief scene at the back of a man trapped on a rock in rough sea, being...

    • Object type: brush-rest
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • bowl

    Porcelain bowl. Covered in green enamel over plain high-fired glaze. Decorated in gold (kinrande) with floral scroll with formal panels below. Plain white inside. There is an inscription on the base.

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • stand

    Porcelain drum-shaped flower-holder with circular central aperture surrounded by one rectangular and four circular apertures, with bands of bosses at the top and bottom of sides. The flower holder has slightly mottled turquoise glaze. The...

    • Object type: stand
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Swatow-type Zhangzhou Export Ware porcelain dish. Decorated in red, turquoise, green and black overglaze enamels. Central design of mariner's compass motif, with Island of Bliss landscape above, galleon to the right and fish in aquatic...

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC-17thC
    • Production place: Zhangzhou
  • seal

    Small porcelain seal in form of an old woman seated on a stool. Underglaze blue colouring woman's cloak and details of her face and hair. Horizontal inscription on front side of stool. Carved characters on unglazed base.

    • Object type: seal
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 16thC
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • cup

    Porcelain cup with straight sides and a low foot ring. There is a peach, a persimmon and a pomegranate in underglaze copper red on the exterior. There is a mark on the base.

    • Object type: cup
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Porcelain dish with rounded sides and slightly everted rim. The dish has bright yellow enamel over a thin felspathic glaze. There is a mark in underglaze blue on the base.

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Porcelain dish with rounded sides and slightly everted rim. The dish has yellow enamel. There is a mark in underglaze blue on the base.

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Porcelain dish with rounded sides and slightly everted rim. The dish has copper red glaze on the exterior, fading to the rim, and plain with a clear glaze inside, blackish and liver-mottled area on one side. There is a mark on the base.

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • bowl

    Porcelain bowl with straight rim. The bowl has a white body with a blue tinged glaze. There is red and green enamel decoration over a mark in underglaze blue on the base.

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Porcelain dish with rounded sides, everted rim and tapering foot. There are flower and fruit sprays in underglaze blue in reserve against a yellow enamel ground on the interior and the exterior. There is a mark in underglaze blue on the...

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Porcelain saucer dish. On outside, incised design of dragons chasing pearls among clouds, painted in green enamel against yellow ground. Plain white interior. Base glazed, with mark.

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • jar

    Porcelain jar in the form of a spittoon (zhadou). Decorated all over with enamels on the biscuit. Outside incised with five-clawed dragons and flaming pearls among ruyi clouds, in copper green against a yellow enamel ground. Colourless...

    • Object type: jar
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • flower-pot-stand

    Porcelain rectangular flower-pot-stand with straight sides and six low feet. There are incised scrolls and lozenges with green glaze on an aubergine purple ground, yellow rim, and green base rim and base. There is a mark in underglaze blue...

    • Object type: flower-pot-stand
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • flower-pot

    Longquan stoneware flower-pot of cylindrical form with three feet. The flower-pot has grey-green glaze with a dark brown crackle. There is a floral scroll in low relief around the body.

    • Object type: flower-pot
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506
    • Production place: Longquan (area)
  • dish

    Porcelain dish. Decorated in underglaze blue and overglaze red, green and black enamels. Inside, formalised lotus flower enclosed in double circle. Outside, design of five red fish above waves in blue, green and black. There is a mark on...

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Porcelain dish. Incised inside with dragon among clouds, reserved in buff-coloured biscuit against a greyish-tinged glaze ground. On the exterior, two similar dragons running dragons against the glazed ground. There is a mark on the base.

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Porcelain dish. Decorated with incised dragon among clouds, painted with green enamel mainly on biscuit, partly over the glaze. Two similar dragons on the exterior, but with ground of incised waves. There is a mark on the base. Pair with...

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Porcelain dish. Decorated with incised dragon among clouds, painted with green enamel mainly on biscuit, partly over the glaze. Two similar dragons on the exterior, but with ground of incised waves. There is a mark on the base. Pair with...

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • bowl

    Porcelain bowl with deep rounded sides and everted rim. There are incised five-clawed dragon in green enamel on glazed white ground on the interior, and two similar dragons against a background of incised waves on the exterior on a...

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • bowl

    Porcelain bowl with flaring foot. There are four fish in underglaze copper red with incised detail on the exterior. There is a mark on the base.

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • bowl

    Porcelain bowl with flared lobed sides. The bowl has a white body and blue-toned glaze. There is a mark on the base.

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Porcelain dish. Decorated with underglaze blue against overglaze yellow enamel ground, with gardenia spray inside the centre and sprays of pomegranate, grapevine, peach and lotus around the cavetto. Outside are gardenia scrolls. There is a...

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Porcelain dish painted with iron brown enamel against a white ground. Inside, incised single spray of gardenia in the centre with four flower and fruit sprays in the cavetto, including grapevine, lotus, pomegranate and persimmon. Outside...

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • jar

    Porcelain jar in the form of a spittoon (zhadou). Decorated all over with enamels on the biscuit. Outside incised with five-clawed dragons and flaming pearls among ruyi clouds, in copper green against a yellow enamel ground. Colourless...

    • Object type: jar
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • bowl

    Wide-based porcelain bowl. Decorated outside with two five-clawed dragons in underglaze blue among red enamel painted clouds. Band of key-fret below rim. Inside, three five-clawed dragons among clouds incised under glaze.

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • brush-rest

    Porcelain brush-rest in form of five-peaked mountain. Underglaze blue with dense scrolling lingzhi fungus and leaves and a single diamond-shaped panel with Persian inscription on each side. There is an inscription on the base.

    • Object type: brush-rest
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • brush-rest

    Porcelain brush-rest in form of five-peaked mountain. Underglaze blue with dense classic scrolls and a single roundel with Arabic inscription on each side. There is an inscription on the base.

    • Object type: brush-rest
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • tile

    Porcelain tile. Underglaze blue on one side with large roundel in the centre with four ruyi sprays and reserved triangular panel with long Arabic inscription. There is an inscription on the base.

    • Object type: tile
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Porcelain dish. Underglaze blue with wide band of lotus sprays alternating with roundels containing Arabic characters beneath narrow diaper band. Roundel in centre with four lotus sprays circling another smaller roundel with an Arabic...

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • jar

    Vessel in the form of a zhadou or 'leys porcelain jar', with wide flaring neck. Underglaze blue with scrolling five-clawed dragons amid lotus flowers around the interior and upper part of the interior. There is an inscription on the base.

    • Object type: jar
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • vase

    Large porcelain vase of ancient bronze form with two handles with rings at the neck. Underglaze blue with wide band of scrolling lotus flowers above band of lotus petals. Stylised leaves and heart-shaped panels on shoulder, ruyi motifs on...

    • Object type: vase
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Shallow porcelain dish. Underglaze blue with two five-clawed dragons among floral scrolls on the exterior and on inside cavetto. Five-clawed dragon among floral scrolls in a roundel on the interior. Cloud motif band on foot. There is an...

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Porcelain dish. Decorated on the exterior in overglaze iron-red enamel with four fruit and flower sprays.

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1506-1521
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • incense-burner

    Longquan porcelain incense burner of cylindrical form with three legs and a hole in the centre of the base. It has grey-green glaze, crackled on the bottom half. There is an inscription on the body.

    • Object type: incense-burner
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Zhengde; Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1517
    • Production place: Longquan (area)
  • brush-washer

    Ding-type stoneware square brush-washer with eight-lobed sides. The brush-washer has cream glaze. There are four rams among clouds moulded in the centre, with key-fret on the interior wall and a wave-patterned border on the rim.

    • Object type: brush-washer
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1522-1620
    • Production place: China
  • bowl

    Square porcelain bowl with flared sides and everted rim. There is a double square enclosing a character in wucai-style underglaze blue and overglaze red, green, aubergine and black enamels on the centre of the interior, a band of fungus...

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Jiajing
    • Production date: 1522-1566
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Porcelain dish with rounded sides and everted rim. There is a stylized peach tree, in the form of the character 'shou' for longevity, with lingzhi fungus on either side, incised in the centre, and a similar design on exterior. There is a...

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Jiajing
    • Production date: 1522-1566
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • bowl

    Square porcelain bowl with steep sides and flared mouth rim. There is a phoenix, crane, clouds and a Chinese character in on-biscuit green enamel on a yellow enamel ground in a square panel on the interior, lingzhi scrolls around the...

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Jiajing
    • Production date: 1522-1566
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Porcelain square dish with flaring sides and slightly everted rim. There are is a pine tree, prunus, bamboo and lingzhi fungus in underglaze blue against a yellow overglaze enamel ground within a square panel in the centre. There is a mark...

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Jiajing
    • Production date: 1522-1566
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • vase

    Porcelain pear-shaped vase (yuhuchun ping) with long tapering neck and flaring mouth rim. There are two fountains, one with an elephant as its base and the other with a horse, in underglaze cobalt blue on the body of the vase, a narrow...

    • Object type: vase
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Jiajing
    • Production date: 1522-1566
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Porcelain dish with rounded sides and slightly everted rim. The dish has blue glaze with fine crackle, stained brown on the exterior. There are three five-clawed dragons among clouds incised on the interior, with two dragons on the exterior...

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Jiajing
    • Production date: 1522-1566
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • bowl

    Porcelain hemispherical bowl. The bowl has red enamel over felspathic glaze with gilt (kinrande) floral scrolls on the exterior. There is an underglaze blue chrysanthemum spray and a butterfly in a double ring in the centre of interior and...

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1522-1566
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • cup

    Porcelain cup. There is an incised design of two dragons among clouds on the exterior.

    • Object type: cup
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Jiajing
    • Production date: 1522-1566
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • bowl

    Porcelain bowl. The bowl has a white body. There are four formal lotus flowers and scrolls in kinrande underglaze gilding around the exterior. There is a mark on the base. Pair with A465.

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty
    • Production date: 1522-1566
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • bowl

    Porcelain bowl with rounded sides and straight rim. There is a medallion enclosing an image of Liu Hai with three-legged toad in a landscape in gilt in the centre of the interior, gilt floral scrolls around the interior and exterior walls,...

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Jiajing
    • Production date: 1522-1566
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • cup

    Porcelain wine-cup with steep sides, flared rim and low, tapering footrim. There are two dragons among clouds in yellow, red and black enamel on the exterior, and double lines in underglaze blue at the rim and the foot. There is a mark in...

    • Object type: cup
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Jiajing
    • Production date: 1522-1566
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • bowl

    Porcelain bowl with rounded sides and straight rim, on a slightly tapering footrim. There are four medallions with beaded jewel strings, tassels and flower heads between in overglaze red, green and yellow enamel and gilding on the exterior....

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Jiajing
    • Production date: 1522-1566
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • dish

    Porcelain dish. Outlined with dragons chasing flaming pearls among clouds in overglaze yellow enamel. There is a mark on the base.

    • Object type: dish
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Jiajing
    • Production date: 1522-1566
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • brush-washer

    Porcelain Brush-washer with lobed sides. Covered with coffee-coloured glaze and decorated in yellow and black overglaze enamels. Cranes among clouds inside, and four flower and fruit sprays outside. Base glazed, with mark.

    • Object type: brush-washer
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Jiajing
    • Production date: 1522-1566
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • stem cup

    Stem porcelain cup. Underglaze blue with garden landscape including rocks, trees and flying birds. Lotus petals and plantain leaves in pencilled style on stem. Roundel with five-clawed dragon among clouds inside. There is an inscription on...

    • Object type: stem cup
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Jiajing
    • Production date: 1522-1566
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • jue

    Porcelain libation vessel of ancient bronze jue form with three legs, a loop handle and two short columns rising from the rim. Covered in dark blue glaze, with two five-clawed dragons, a flaming pearl and cloud reserved in white. Traces of...

    • Object type: jue
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Jiajing
    • Production date: 1522-1566
    • Production place: Jingdezhen
  • bowl

    Porcelain bowl. There is a five-clawed dragon among clouds in underglaze blue on the interior, band of key fret in underglaze blue at the exterior rim, and ducks on a lotus pond in underglaze blue and overglaze red, black and green enamels...

    • Object type: bowl
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Ming dynasty; Jiajing
    • Production date: 1522-1566
    • Production place: Jingdezhen