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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site


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  • ostracon

    Ostracon, fragment from the body of a red-brown pottery ribbed vessel, fabric is black in section, with remains of twelve lines of Coptic text written in black ink on the exterior, smudged in places, and containing an order for payment.

    • Object type: ostracon
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Coptic
    • Production date: 6thC-8thC
    • Find spot: Wadi Sarga