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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

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Your search with the following terms: silk returned 7,056 results.


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  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Vaisravana, Guardian of the North, shown crossing the waters, floating on purple clouds. In one hand, a golden halberd; in the other, a purple cloud supporting a stupa with a seated Buddha inside. Flames come out of his...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代; 五代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Production place: China
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting fragments now mounted as OA 1919,0101,0.178*. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; Five Dynasties; 唐代; 五代
    • Production date: 850-999
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting fragments from a large Pure Land of Amitabha composition, mounted as OA 1919,0101,0.37 together with 1919,0101,0.64 and 1919,0101,0.218. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 10thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Two fragments of a banner showing two scenes from the Life of the Buddha, in a landscape setting. The top fragment illustrates the simultaneous births of sheep, the bottom fragment a cow and a horse, and a lady in Tang costume milking the...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Banner fragment showing two scenes from the Life of the Buddha: the bath of Sakyamuni in the Lumbini Garden, and his first steps. Blank cartouches on alternate sides of the scenes. Mounted together with two other scenes from the original...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Banner fragment showing two scenes from the Life of the Buddha: the dream of Queen Maya and the birth of Sakyamuni. A blank cartouche at the side of the top scene. Mounted with two other scenes from original banner (see 1919,0101,0.89). Ink...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner fragment with three scenes from the Life of the Buddha: Buddha seated on a lotus throne; Sakyamuni, shown in a building as a young prince, in discussion with his teachers; and the Iron Targets (drums used in an athletic...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 701-850
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Finely painted banner fragment with two scenes from the Life of the Buddha, showing two of the Four Encounters made by Sakyamuni, as he leaves the palace on his white horse: old age (top) and sickness (bottom). Inscribed cartouches on...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 701-850
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Fragmentary painting showing three scenes from the Life of the Buddha, in a landscape setting. The top scene shows Prince Sakyamuni after his departure from home, saying an emotional farewell to Chandaka, his groom, and his horse, Kanthaka....

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 8thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner with lokapala Dhrtarastra, Guardian of the East, holding bow and arrow. Splendidly armoured and with a tiger skin around his waist, he stamps on a one-eyed, snaggle-toothed demon. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of lokapala Dhrtarastra, Guardian of the East, holding bow and arrow. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 8thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Fragmentary banner painted with a guardian demon holding a sword, identified as Vuhyapada by the inscription in the cartouche. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of a bodhisattva standing on a lotus, eyes focused downward. Blank cartouche in top left corner. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner with lokapala Virupaksa, Guardian of the West, with red face (his distinctive colour) and splendidly dressed, stamping on a demon. Blank cartouche on left side. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Fragmentary banner with a lokapala wearing helmet and armour, possibly Virupaksa, Guardian of the West. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Fragmentary painting of a lokapala (guardian king) with helmet and burning halo. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Mañjusri standing on a lotus, holding a sword. The painting has some Tibetan stylistic features, but the unfilled cartouche, top right, and floral border at bottom are Chinese elements. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner with four scenes from the Life of the Buddha, in a landscape setting: Buddha's father, King Suddhodana, sending messengers in search of Sakyamuni; the search; the farewell of Sakyamuni to his groom, Chandaka, and his horse,...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner with lokapala Dhrtarastra, Guardian of the East, standing on a demon and holding an arrow. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner showing three scenes from the Life of the Buddha, set in a beautifully detailed landscape. The episodes illustrate Sakyamuni's farewell to his groom, Chandaka, and his horse, Kanthaka; the shaving of Sakyamuni's head; and his...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 8thC-9thC
    • Production place: China
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Brightly coloured, well-preserved banner with lokapala Virupaksa, Guardian of the West, standing on demon, holding a sword. The purple cloud above his halo appears to form a canopy. The banner's triangular headpiece is of rose-coloured...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Northern Song dynasty; Five Dynasties; 北宋時期; 五代
    • Production date: 10thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Banner painted with a bodhisattva standing on a lotus under a canopy and holding a cintamani (flaming jewel). The triangular headpiece has survived, but not the streamers. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner with Ksitigarbha standing on a lotus, shown as a monk with a shaven head and wearing a patchwork robe (kasaya). Inscription in cartouche. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Vajrapani (thunderbolt bearer) standing on two lotuses, holding a vajra. Striking musculature delineated in cherry-pink. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner of Avalokitesvara standing on a lotus and holding a vase. His feet point straight out sideways. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Banner of a bodhisattva standing on a lotus, holding a flower. Triangular headpiece survives. Painted in ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Fragmentary painting with an armed lokapala holding an arrow, possibly Dhrtarastra, Guardian of the East. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner with three scenes from the Life of the Buddha, in a landscape setting: the Five Companions in a thunder storm; Sakyamuni, emaciated and in meditation inside a rocky cave; and emerging from the Nairanjana River with the aid of...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Banner showing the seven treasures of the cakravartin (world sovereign): golden wheel, jewel, coffer, general, lady, elephant and horse. The general carries a banner inscribed "zuo yi jiang" (first general of the left). Below the treasures...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner showing four scenes from the Life of the Buddha: Dipankara's prediction of Sakyamuni's birth; old age, sickness and death; the dream of Queen Maya; and her confinement. Blank cartouches on alternate sides of the scenes. Ink...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting fragment with four scenes from the Life of the Buddha, showing King Suddhodana and Queen Mahaprajapati praying for the birth of a son. Inscribed cartouches on alternate sides of the scenes. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painted fragment with four scenes from the Life of the Buddha showing Sakyamuni and the Five Companions. Inscribed cartouches on alternate sides of the scenes. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of a lokapala (guardian king) in light armour, stepping forward on cloud. Unusual in that the lokapala's features are entirely human. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 751-850
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    A banner showing the seven treasures of the cakravartin (world sovereign): the golden wheel, jewel, coffer, general, lady, elephant and horse. Seven blank carotuches. Painted in ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner with two scenes from the Life of the Buddha, with a black cartouche beside each. The top scene shows the pleasures of life in the palace: Sakyamuni seated with wife Yasodhara, watching musicians. The bottom scene shows the...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of a standing bodhisattva, possibly Ratnapani ("bearing a jewel in the hand"), holding a cintamani (flaming jewel). Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painted fragment of Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara holding a lotus. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara, standing and holding a lotus. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Fragmentary painting of a bodhisattva holding a bowl, probably Avalokitesvara. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Ksitigarbha, shown as a monk with shaven head and wearing a patchwork robe (kasaya), holding a vase. Shaven parts of head, chin and upper lip are painted blue. Inscription in cartouche. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of a bodhisattva, standing under a canopy, holding a lotus. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner of a bodhisattva holding a censer, wearing a bright red shawl with floral half-circle designs. Cartouche filled with yellow floral spray. Use of stencil is evident in that painting OA 1919,0101,0.122 is indentical but in...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Avalokitesvara standing on a lotus, shown from the side. Painted in Indian style, except for certain features of the Bodhisattva's clothing and the blank cartouche, which suggest a Chinese artist. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of a standing Bodhisattva Guide of Souls (Avalokitesvara or Ksitigarbha), holding a censer. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Bodhisattva Samantabhadra under a canopy, seated on a lotus and riding on back of a six-tusked elephant (refers to Jataka story of Buddha born as six-tusked elephant). Blank cartouche on the right side. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 751-850
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of lokapala Vaisravana, Guardian of the North, standing on a demon and holding a stupa. Blank cartouche at top left. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of lokapala Vaisravana, Guardian of the North, in red and yellow armour, held up by a female deity, possibly Sri Devi. Blank cartouche on the top left. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner of lokapala Virupaksa, Guardian of the West, shown standing, holding a sword. His jewelled scabbard rests directly on a demon's head, only the hair of which remains. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Banner (fragmentary) showing the lower half of lokapala Vaisravana, Guardian of the North, standing on a demon. Painted in ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Avalokitesvara standing on lotus flowers. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Banner painted with Vajrapani (thunderbolt bearer) standing on lotuses, holding a vajra. Striking musculature modelled in pink. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of the Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha shown as a monk, holding a cintamani (flaming jewel), standing under a canopy on one white and one orange lotus. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Banner with three scenes from the Life of the Buddha, in a landscape setting: Buddha's father, King Suddhodana, despatching a messenger on a horse in search of Sakyamuni; the search; and the messenger's return without him. Blank cartouches...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Banner of a bodhisattva standing under a canopy on a lotus. He holds a dimpled glass bowl, similar to one in the Shoso-in. Fine use of even brushstrokes and representation of see-through glass. Painted in ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Bodhisattva Mahasthamaprapta, the embodiment of wisdom. Standing under a canopy, he is identifiable by the vase in his headdress. He holds a vase with a lotus flower. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Very fragmentary painting of Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 8thC-9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting showing Amitabha with the Eight Great Bodhisattvas (Sarvanivaranaviskambhin, Samantabhadra, Kstitigarbha, Mañjusri, Avalokitesvara, Maitreya, Akasagarbha, Vajrasattva), the names of four of which are inscribed in Tibetan. Geese...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting showing a seated six-armed Avalokitesvara with Candraprabha (Moon) and Suryaprabha (Sun) in the top half. In the lower half Maitreya, Buddha of the Future, is on one side of an inscribed panel, with the painting's donor, the priest...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 926-975
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Eleven-headed Avalokitesvara, with attendant bodhisattvas. Row of male and female donors, with a monk. Dated by inscription. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 957
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting inspired by Esoteric Buddhism, showing a Thousand-armed, thousand-eyed Avalokitesvara with accompanying figures, various gestures and his usual attributes (conch shell, vase, sun and moon, Amitabha figure in headdress). A huge halo...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; Five Dynasties; 唐代; 五代
    • Production date: 9thC(early)
    • Production place: China
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Avalokitesvara seated under a canopy on a lotus. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Fragment of a large painting showing Vaisravana, Guardian of the North, with his attendant. Vaisravana wears close-fitting armour and firmly grasps a halberd-banner. There is an animal head at his shoulder. His attendant wears a...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 8thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Small painting fragments showing a flaming mandorla, a cloud and possibly part of a dress. Some of the fragments were originally registered as OA 1919,0101,0.58. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 7thC-8thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Fragments of painting now mounted as 1919.0101.0.51. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 7thC-8thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting fragments showing vertical colophons intended for inscription. Some of the fragments were originally registered as OA 1919,0101,0.58. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 7thC-8thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting fragments showing a standing Buddha touching the sun disc, with a cockerel. To the Buddha's right is a blank cartouche. Some of the fragments were originally registered as OA 1919,0101,0.58. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 7thC-8thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting fragments showing one seated and two standing Buddhas under a jewelled canopy, a monk and a group of figures carrying a ladder. Some of the fragments were originally registered as OA 1919,0101,0.58. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 7thC-8thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting fragments showing part of a halo, possibly belonging to a Buddha. Some of the fragments were originally registered as OA 1919,0101,0.58. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 7thC-8thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting fragments showing a seated and a standing Buddha. Some of the fragments were originally registered as OA 1919,0101,0.58. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 7thC-8thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • banner; 幡

    Headpiece of a banner, with paper re-used as backing, decorated with a floral design. Ink and colours on silk. Inscribed.

    • Object type: banner; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • banner; 幡

    Headpiece of a banner made up from patches with different patterns. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: banner; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Large painting showing the Paradise of Sakyamuni in a Chinese architectural setting. The composition is simple and uncluttered, with the principal figures standing prominently against the background. Sakyamuni is seated on the top level....

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 800-850
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painted composition of two standing Avalokitesvara figures facing each other, the one on the left holding a flower, the one on the right with a vase. Otherwise, they are in nearly identical mirror-reverse, as are the inscriptions, both of...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 781-847
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of the Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha shown as a monk, in patched robe, holding a khakkhara (beggar's staff) and cintamani (flaming jewel). Unusually, he wears a hood, as a travelling monk would. The male donor at the bottom is...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 901-950
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Votive painting with four standing figures of Avalokitesvara in the upper register, each identified in a cartouche, dressed in the Indian style. Below are Samantabhadra on an elephant and Mañjusri on a lion, accompanied by bodhisattvas in...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Xiantong; Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 864
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Large painting showing Buddha (probably Sakyamuni) preaching in a Paradise composition. The Buddha is seated under a jewelled bodhi tree forming a canopy, surrounded by four seated bodhisattvas and six monk disciples. A small figure of a...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 701-750
    • Production place: China
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    A relatively small painting of Avalokitesvara holding a willow branch and a vase, standing on lotuses. His blue hair is encircled by a flaming nimbus. Four flowers are the only background features. Inscribed cartouche in top left corner....

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Avalokitesvara in three-quarter view, holding a sprinkler vase and willow branch. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 751-850
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting showing the hooded figure of Ksitigarbha seated on a lotus with the Good and Bad Boys by his sides. The Six Ways of Life are represented by wavy lines emerging from the Bodhisattva's nimbus. The monk Daoming, supposed author of the...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 10thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    This painting shows the six-armed Cintamanicakra Avalokitesvara. The arms represent his powers to save in different ways. He is identified by the cakra (wheel) and cintamani (flaming jewel) which he holds. A small figure of Amitabha Buddha...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Complex painting showing the Paradise of Maitreya, Buddha of the Future, in an architectural setting. Seated at the centre, Maitreya is accompanied by two bodhisattvas and two disciple monks. At their sides, two lokapalas (world...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; Five Dynasties; 唐代; 五代
    • Production date: 907-960
    • Production place: China
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting showing a standing figure of Avalokitesvara holding a willow branch and a vase. Blank cartouche at top left. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • Avalokitesvara; 觀世音菩薩像; painting; 繪畫

    Painting with ink and colours on silk This painting with brilliantly preserved colours shows the bodhisattva Avalokitesvara standing with a willow spray in his left hand and a flask in his right. His headdress bears a little figure of...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 910
    • Production place: China
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Sakyamuni seated on a lotus throne, under a canopy surrounded by Bodhisattvas Akasagarbha and Ratnaguna, and disciples. Donor figures in the bottom register. Dated by inscription. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Taizu (Guangshun); Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 953
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of a Thousand-armed, thousand-eyed Avalokitesvara. A number of the hands hold tridents and other Buddhist symbols, while many of the hands have an eye. The image of Avalokitesvara nearly fills the picture space, leaving room...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 701-850
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; mandala; 繪畫; 曼陀羅

    Mystic mandala of Avalokitesvara depicted according to the Amoghapasa dharani Sutra, with spiral invocation inscribed in Tibetan. Square border of vajras outside the incantation Various bodhisattvas all around outer borders, two of whom...

    • Object type: painting; mandala; 繪畫; 曼陀羅
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha wearing a hood and distinctive patchwork robe, seated on a lotus. The Six Ways of Rebirth are depicted on the two sides, represented by six small figures, separated by striped bands. Two kneeling...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Southern Song dynasty; 南宋
    • Production date: 963
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Fragment of a very large painting about Buddha Sakyamuni preaching at the Vulture Peak. The Buddha is recognisable by the long arm extending downward on the right, the only part of the figure which survives. Behind the Budhha, a rocky...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 8thC-9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Figures of donors from a large narrative painting about Buddha Sakyamuni preaching at the Vulture Peak. The painting also refers to a miracle in the life of Liu Sahe. Ink and colours on silk. (No separate image. See also 1919,0101,0.20).

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC(late)
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Avalokitesvara holding a vase, accompanied by two child donors. Blank cartouche at top left. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting showing Ksitigarbha in the centre, seated on a rock under a canopy, holding a staff and a cintamani (flaming jewel). At the two sides are the Ten Kings of Hell, each one seated behind a desk like a magistrate, flanked by...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 926-975
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Avalokitesvara standing under a canopy, with distinctive aureole banded in green red, yellow and blue. He holds a sprinkler vase in his left hand, and in the right hand a lotus stem crowned with Amitabha Buddha. Seven scenes...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Northern Song dynasty; 北宋時期
    • Production date: 963
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painted figure of Avalokitesvara. He holds a willow spray in his right hand and a water vase in the left, from which issues a spray with lotus buds and leaves. On the bottom right are two kneeling female donor figures, each holding a lotus....

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 826-875
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of lokapala Vaisravana, Guardian King of the North, riding across the waters on horseback surrounded by his entourage, including his five sons in armour, yaksas and a high official with his wife (these two may be the donor...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 926-975
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Bhaisajyaguru, the Buddha of Healing, seated on a lotus throne, holding a bowl. Elaborate drapery; banded nimbus and aureole in red, green and blue. Male and female donors at the bottom. Three inscribed cartouches. Ink and...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 901-950
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Avalokitesvara, shown seated as the Saviour of Perils. Side scenes show perils as described in Lotus Sutra (Miaofa lianhua jing). The Good and Bad Boys stand below the lotus throne, holding scrolls. The larger figures in the...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 926-975
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Avalokitesvara seated on a lotus throne, identified in inscription as "Succourer in trouble", with small bodhisattva figures floating in the sky. Lotus stems rise beside the throne. The principal donors are the monk Zhigang and the nun...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; Dashun; 唐代
    • Production date: 892
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Avalokitesvara seated on a rock in a lotus pool, with a round "moon" halo behind him. He holds a willow-branch and a vase, and is flanked by bamboos. The water is separated from the banks by zig-zag lines, but appears to be...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Northern Song dynasty; Five Dynasties; 北宋時期; 五代
    • Production date: 10thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Ksitigarbha, shown as a seated monk under a canopy. The Six Ways of Life emerge from him, with figures on clouds, each flanked by an inscribed cartouche. Ink and colours on silk, with later restoration on paper.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; Five Dynasties; 唐代; 五代
    • Production date: 851-950
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of a seated Buddha with hands in the vitarka-mudra (gesture of reasoning or discussion), and therefore possibly Maitreya or Amitabha. The whole figure, with nimbus and aureole, is set within a large white circle. Two donor figures...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Northern Song dynasty; Five Dynasties; 北宋時期; 五代
    • Production date: 10thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of the Tejaprabha Buddha (Buddha of the Blazing Lights), shown seated on a chariot with the Five Planets represented by female and male figures with their respective attributes (from left clockwise): Jupiter as an official, Mercury...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; Qianning; 唐代
    • Production date: 897
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of the Paradise of Bhaisajyaguru, Buddha of Healing, set in a landscape with Mañjusri, Samantabhadra and attendants. Bodhisattvas beside the Buddha are painted in Tibetan style. Esoteric Buddhist figures in the lower section...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 836
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞