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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

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Your search with the following terms: silk returned 7,056 results.


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  • shield

    Royal shield made of hide, covered with red saffian leather on the inner side with attached handle and blue silk velvet on the upper side. The upper surface of the shield is also decorated with repoussé silver and silver gilt panels and...

    • Object type: shield
    • Production date: 19thC(mid)
    • Production place: Ethiopia
    • Find spot: Ethiopia
  • sheath

    Sheath for sabre, made of leather and wood. The sheath is gently curved to fit a sabre, with a squared end with wooden inner support which extends at right angles, curved on the inner surface, to support a pommel, lomita. The lomita is made...

    • Object type: sheath
    • Production date: 19thC(mid)
    • Production place: Ethiopia
    • Find spot: Ethiopia
  • case; box

    Gold box, belonged to Edward Gibbon, the historian; the lid with chased oval medallion of five cupids at an altar, under glass; maker's mark of Paul-Nicolas Meunière. Contained in the original green shagreen case the thin layer of shagreen...

    • Object type: case; box
    • Producer: Paul Nicholas Ménière (Made by)
    • Production date: 1775
    • Production place: Paris
  • banner

    Asafo banner; made of plain weave cotton and silk; rectangle of yellow cotton; white cotton border sewn on left side, white and red rectangles with white fringe around other three sides; British flag appliquéd in upper left corner, green...

    • Object type: banner
    • Ethnic name: Fante
    • Production date: 1850-1927
    • Production place: Ghana
  • banner

    Asafo banner; made of silk and cotton; brown silk rectangle with white cotton border sewn on left side, white and brown squares with white fringe sewn around other three sides; British flag appliquéd in upper left corner; appliquéd across...

    • Object type: banner
    • Ethnic name: Fante
    • Production date: 1850-1927
    • Production place: Ghana
  • banner

    Asafo banner; made of plain weave silk and cotton; blue silk rectangle with white cotton border on left, red and yellow rectangles with white fringe around other three sides; British flag appliquéd in upper left corner, designs appliquéd on...

    • Object type: banner
    • Ethnic name: Fante
    • Production date: 1850-1927
    • Production place: Ghana
  • No image

    masquerade-mask

    Fac-shaped mask (chadzunda) for Nyau masquerade made of wood covered with shiny black paint. Eyeballs of paper applied to inside of mask; teeth made of corn ? kernels. Inner eye and eyebrows painted white. Moustache of animal hair. Deep...

    • Object type: masquerade-mask
    • Ethnic name: Cewa
    • Production date: 20thC(late)
    • Find spot: Dedza
  • jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box

    Gold box or cigarette case; of oval form, yellow and white gold, the body engine-turned in yellow gold with an all over wave pattern, the border a strip of white gold, the ends set with three brilliant-cut diamonds in a white gold...

    • Object type: jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box
    • Producer: Cartier (Made by)
    • Production date: 1968
    • Production place: London
  • jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box

    Gold box or cigarette case; of rectangular form, the lid and sides enamelled in deep blue with a white border, an interlace motif in white in the centre of the lid and at each corner on the sides. The gold background engine-turned with fine...

    • Object type: jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box
    • Producer: Cartier (Made by)
    • Production date: 1967
    • Production place: London
  • jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box

    Gold box or cigarette case; of oval cylindrical shape, enamelled all over in deep red on an engine-turned ground, the ends set with oval panels of black onyx, the borders with a row of seed pearls between laurel leaf garlands. The...

    • Object type: jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box
    • Producer: Cartier (Made by)
    • Production date: 1963
    • Production place: London
  • jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box

    Gold box or cigarette case; engine-turned moiré pattern of parallel lines running round the entire surface with a double ropework border, the ends set with panels of variegated malachite, the push piece set with an amethyst. London...

    • Object type: jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box
    • Producer: Cartier (Made by)
    • Production date: 1962
    • Production place: London
  • jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box

    Gold box or cigarette case; four colours of gold (yellow, red, green and white), soldered together to form a sheet and then decorated with ribbed engine-turning to create the sunray pattern. The push-piece to open the box is set with a...

    • Object type: jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box
    • Producer: Cartier (Made by)
    • Production date: 1962
    • Production place: London
  • jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box

    Gold box or cigarette case; of rounded rectangular form, the red gold body covered in cream enamel over an engine-turned ground; wavy bands are left reserved in gold to echo the wave-pattern engine-turning. A triple ropework border on each...

    • Object type: jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box
    • Producer: Cartier (Made by)
    • Production date: 1969
    • Production place: London
  • jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box

    Gold box or cigarette case; of hexagonal form, the body with panels of mother-of-pearl mosaic work, inlaid in hexagons and lozenges, the six angles at each end set with emeralds in polygonal settings. The ends set with panels of lapis...

    • Object type: jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box
    • Producer: Cartier (Made by)
    • Production date: 1970
    • Production place: London
  • jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box

    Gold box or cigarette case; decorated with an engine-turned "wood-knot" pattern all over, the ends set with panels of lapis lazuli, the push-piece set with a cabochon garnet. London hallmarks for 1963. Contained in the original...

    • Object type: jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box
    • Producer: Cartier (Made by)
    • Production date: 1963
    • Production place: London
  • cigarette-case; case; box

    Gold box or cigarette case; yellow gold, the surface engine-turned with parallel lines and decorated on each side with a lattice of blue enamel ribbons, the intersections claw-set with cabochon garnets in gold rosettes settings on the two...

    • Object type: cigarette-case; case; box
    • Producer: Cartier (Made by)
    • Production date: 1963
    • Production place: London
  • jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box

    Gold box or cigarette case; rectangular, three colours of gold (yellow, red and white), soldered together to form a sheet from which the box was made and then engine-turned with ridges; a 'hobnail' pattern is cut into the yellow-gold...

    • Object type: jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box
    • Producer: Cartier (Made by)
    • Production date: 1969
    • Production place: London
  • jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box

    Gold box or cigarette case; of flattened oval form in white and red gold, engine-turned with a pattern of ribs forming elongated loops enclosing a square-set lapis at each end, the spaces within the loops and between each group of ridges...

    • Object type: jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box
    • Producer: Cartier (Made by)
    • Production date: 1968
    • Production place: London
  • jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box

    Gold box or cigarette case; of flattened oval shape, with all over engine-turned basket-weave pattern, the ends set with panels of pink rhodonite, bordered with green tourmalines in beaded settings, the push-piece set with a cabochon...

    • Object type: jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box
    • Producer: Cartier (Made by)
    • Production date: 1965
    • Production place: London
  • smoking-pipe

    Pipe bowl, of translucent greenish-white soapstone, carved, incised and painted, with a single metal ear ornament. The bowl is carved in form of a man's head, deep mouth with downturned corners, prominent chin, long sharp Roman nose, eyes...

    • Object type: smoking-pipe
    • Ethnic name: Northeast Peoples; Siouan; Algonquian
    • Production date: 1600-1750
    • Find spot: USA
  • cloak; burnous

    Hooded black cloak: burnous (alkyabba): the body is composed of two large piece of plain woven black silk and the hood is made of two small square pieces of black silk. The body of the garment is extensively embroidered in a 'paisley' like...

    • Object type: cloak; burnous
    • Production date: 1968
    • Find spot: Katsina
  • No image

    strap; saddle-blanket; saddle; horse-bridle; cord; horse bridle-bit

    Horse tack, consisting of side-pieces of saddle decorated with cranes (label reading '4413'); pair of leather stirrup straps; four red tasselled cords; 2 red velvet saddle girths; velvet head-piece for horse (with label reading 'K1220');...

    • Object type: strap; saddle-blanket; saddle; horse-bridle; cord; horse bridle-bit
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Edo Period
    • Production place: Japan
  • saddle-cloth

    This saddle cloth is made in two layers. The top decorative layer which would be seen when the object is in use is composed of 9 sections of fabric. The central panel consists of a single piece of velvet silk dyed maroon. These sections...

    • Object type: saddle-cloth
    • Find spot: Nigeria
  • saddle-cloth; cloth

    This saddle cloth is made in two layers. The top decorative layer which would be seen when the object is in use is composed of 11 sections of fabric. The central panel consists of three pieces of velvet silk dyed plum. These sections have...

    • Object type: saddle-cloth; cloth
    • Find spot: Nigeria
  • cloak; burnous

    Hooded cream burnous (cloak): the body is composed of one large piece of plain woven cream silk and the hood is made of two small square pieces of cream silk. The body of the garment is extensively embroidered in a 'paisley' like design...

    • Object type: cloak; burnous
    • Find spot: Sokoto
  • No image

    boot

    Pair of man's yellow-dyed leather riding boots. Boots are cut diagonally at the top and oversewn with red wool thread on one side and natural-coloured silk thread on the other. Front of each boot has red, white and blue silk thread pompom....

    • Object type: boot
    • Ethnic name: Hausa
    • Production date: 1970-1975
    • Find spot: Kano State
  • mitate-e; painting; hanging scroll

    Painting, hanging scroll, mitate-e. Parody of Zhuang Zi's dream of butterflies: courtesan wearing surcoat decorated with hanging coloured wisteria blooms and green brocade belt with design of water-wheels and trailing leaves of aquatic...

    • Object type: mitate-e; painting; hanging scroll
    • Producer: Hosoda Eishi (細田栄之) (School of/style of)
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Bunka Era
    • Production date: 1804-1818
    • Production place: Japan
  • No image

    watch-key; watch-case; quarter-repeating watch; fob-seal; coach watch; clock-watch; alarm watch

    SILVER AND LEATHER PAIR CASED COACH WATCH WITH QUARTER REPEAT, HOUR STRIKING AND ALARM WITH KEY AND FOB-SEAL. : MOVEMENT Circular gilt-brass plates with four baluster pillars. Gilt-brass barrel with ratchet and click set-up inside front...

    • Object type: watch-key; watch-case; quarter-repeating watch; fob-seal; coach watch; clock-watch; alarm watch
    • Producer: Antoni Braun (Made by); SR (Case made by)
    • Production date: 1745-1755
    • Production place: Vienna (city)
  • jewellery-case; ear-ring; demi-parure; brooch

    Bloomed and chased three-colour gold demi-parure of brooch and ear-rings set with turquoises, rubies, and pearls in the centre of forget-me-nots. The brooch: is in the form of a bird on a trembler spring mounted on an oval gold plate. The...

    • Object type: jewellery-case; ear-ring; demi-parure; brooch
    • Producer: J Turner (Made by)
    • Production date: 1850
    • Production place: London
  • tie; strap; garter; bag

    Pair of finger woven / plaited strips, possibly garter-drops, that is articles to be hung through the garter, held between the garter and legging. Other possible uses include bag-straps. Each consists of a broad black wool band, enclosed in...

    • Object type: tie; strap; garter; bag
    • Ethnic name: Northeast Peoples; Iroquoian; Algonquian
    • Production date: 1700-1770
    • Find spot: USA
  • moccasin

    Register 1936: Pair of wrap-around moccasins, the body and vamp constructed from well prepared barked sealskin, the ankle wrap around of black wool cloth [serge?], edged in red tape, with ties of smoked caribou [?] skin The vamp is...

    • Object type: moccasin
    • Ethnic name: Arctic Peoples; Montagnais; Inuit
    • Find spot: Ungava peninsula; Labrador; St Lawrence River
  • No image

    moccasin

    Register 1936: Pair of wrap-wround moccasins, of fine lightly smoked skin, the bodies with a vertical heel seam, with a half moon shaped tab at the base folded up and sewn over the bottom of the seam, the toes with a central apex seam, and...

    • Object type: moccasin
    • Ethnic name: Northeast Peoples; Subarctic Peoples; Metis; Cree; Chipewyan
    • Production date: 1850-1920
    • Find spot: North America
  • No image

    moccasin

    Register 1936: Pair of infant's moccasins, of lightly smoked skin, with floral embroidery in dyed moosehair. The body of the moccasin is single piece, with a puckered or gathered toe area, around a broad vamp, a heel seam and a...

    • Object type: moccasin
    • Ethnic name: Northeast Peoples; Huron
    • Production date: 1880-1920
    • Find spot: Canada
  • No image

    girdle; belt

    Belt or girdle made of hide, hair, cloth (cotton), silk, beads (glass), beads (brass), quills (bird), wool.

    • Object type: girdle; belt
    • Ethnic name: Arctic Peoples; Subarctic Peoples; Eskimo-Aleut; Athapaskan
    • Find spot: North America
  • religious/ritual equipment; dance-cape; collar

    A dance-cape ('cloud collar'?) worn by a lama. Square in shape, with round neckline and slit. Ground made from apricot-coloured satin silk cloth with appliquéd motifs and silk thread embroidery. Twenty pear-drop shaped pieces around...

    • Object type: religious/ritual equipment; dance-cape; collar
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Buddhist
    • Production date: 1894
    • Production place: Tibet
    • Find spot: Tibet
  • overgown; coat

    A woman's ceremonial coat (sleeveless) / over-gown, a 'sikok'; ankle-length. Made from maroon tabby wool cloth with nap, commercially made. Centre front opening; square cut armholes. Narrow polychrome panels inserted either side of...

    • Object type: overgown; coat
    • Ethnic name: Sherpa
    • Production date: 20thC
    • Production place: Tibet
    • Find spot: Tibet
  • hat

    A man's hat; conical, with upturned brim. Made from four segements of navy blue woven wool cloth. Padded with white felted wool (visible at bottom edge). Endless knot (macramé) at top, with fine pink/red silk tassels at sides. Brim...

    • Object type: hat
    • Production date: 1905
    • Production place: Tibet
    • Find spot: Lhasa
  • tea-whisk; tea-set; tea-scoop; tea-caddy; tea-bowl; box; bag

    Set of tea equipment: a) small, glazed earthenware tea-bowl, yellow and grey with brown bottom (with piece of coarse cotton inside), inside which is b) circular silver-plated tea-caddy with double cover containing powdered tea, both inside...

    • Object type: tea-whisk; tea-set; tea-scoop; tea-caddy; tea-bowl; box; bag
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Edo Period
    • Production date: 1800-1868
    • Production place: Japan
  • umbrella; ornament

    Royal umbrella top made of silver. A copper base plate with circular hole is attached to the underside of the circular flat base with one copper and one brass nail. A short hollow stem extends from the base and has two holes for attaching...

    • Object type: umbrella; ornament
    • Production date: 18thC
    • Production place: Ethiopia
    • Find spot: Ethiopia
  • festival-costume; neck-tie; bead

    Boy's neck or back decorative piece, similar to girl's neck piece (As.1998.01.3). Part of boy's festival costume (As.1998.01.6 to 12). Base cloth is strong manufactured cotton, with knitting wool used for tassels. Other decorations include...

    • Object type: festival-costume; neck-tie; bead
    • Ethnic name: Miao
    • Production date: 20thC
    • Production place: Za Shao
    • Find spot: Za Shao
  • festival-costume; jacket; coat

    Jacket; for festival, to be worn by man or woman. Base cloth of unbleached, undyed cotton in diamond twill weave. Decorated with thin sheets of applied light green silk felt, with satin stitch motifs of mainly birds, in soft maroons, blues,...

    • Object type: festival-costume; jacket; coat
    • Ethnic name: Miao
    • Production date: 20thC
    • Production place: Yahui
    • Find spot: Yahui
  • No image

    festival-costume; skirt

    Skirt; part of girl and woman's festival costume As.1998.1.196 to 201. Made from hemp or ramie and cotton, constructed as a tube of cloth. Decorated in seven horizontal bands, from top: a) base cloth waistband; b) blue manufactured cloth;...

    • Object type: festival-costume; skirt
    • Ethnic name: Miao
    • Production date: 20thC
    • Production place: Pama Chan
    • Find spot: Pama Chan
  • No image

    festival-costume; head-cover; hat-ornament

    Headcover or hat piece; part of married woman's festival costume As.1998.1.223 to 226. Constructed of a band with tassels of acrylic knitting wool at one end; at the other a slightly wider piece of fabric constructed separately and tacked...

    • Object type: festival-costume; head-cover; hat-ornament
    • Ethnic name: Miao
    • Production date: 20thC
    • Production place: Xing
    • Find spot: Xing
  • festival-costume; jacket

    Jacket; from man's festival costume As.1998.1.263 to 264. Base cloth of hand-woven cotton dyed indigo to almost black with some sheen. No collar and short sleeves, overlap extension on right front. Decorated on cuff, front extension and...

    • Object type: festival-costume; jacket
    • Ethnic name: Miao
    • Production date: 20thC
    • Production place: Wujiazhai
    • Find spot: Wujiazhai
  • jambiyya; dagger-sheath; dagger; belt

    Steel (?) dagger (jambiyya) with a T-shaped hilt made of resin, inlaid with silver and brass pins and brass discs. Sheath is made of wood and covered in textile and leather and tightly wrapped in a light green braided leather cord. The...

    • Object type: jambiyya; dagger-sheath; dagger; belt
    • Production date: 1990s
    • Production place: Yemen
    • Find spot: Yemen
  • festival-costume; jacket; coat

    Coat or jacket, known as a 'Hundred Bird' coat. Base cloth of hand-spun cotton, undyed apart from light blue indigo on sleeve edge. No collar, sides and sleeves open, with loops and cloth knots at intervals. Thirteen free-hanging panels...

    • Object type: festival-costume; jacket; coat
    • Ethnic name: Miao
    • Production date: 1950-1990
    • Production place: Guiyang
    • Find spot: Guiyang
  • tunic

    A woven white cotton sleeveless tunic from Mali. The front and back of the tunic are decorated with a mix of embroidered abstract designs and figurative motifs. The front has two confronted winged female-headed horses flanking a vase of...

    • Object type: tunic
    • Ethnic name: Dogon; Bamana
    • Production date: 1970
    • Production place: Ghana; Mali
    • Find spot: Djenné
  • jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box

    Gold box or cigarette case; engine-turned, with short white gold rods riveted onto yellow-gold ribs, the rivets clearly visible on the inside on both lid and base. The ends set with lapis lazuli and dyed agate incorporating a central row of...

    • Object type: jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box
    • Producer: Cartier (Made by)
    • Production date: 1964
    • Production place: London
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of lokapala Vaisravana, Guardian King of the North, riding across the waters on horseback surrounded by his entourage, including his five sons in armour, yaksas and a high official with his wife (these two may be the donor...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 926-975
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of the Paradise of Bhaisajyaguru, Buddha of Healing, set in a landscape with Mañjusri, Samantabhadra and attendants. Bodhisattvas beside the Buddha are painted in Tibetan style. Esoteric Buddhist figures in the lower section...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 836
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Eleven-headed Avalokitesvara seated on a lotus, holding the sun and moon. Attendant figure either side, with male and female donor below. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 901-950
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting fragments showing Sakyamuni Buddha accompanied by two bodhisattvas, the disciples Ananda and Kasyapa, four lokapalas (guardian kings) and four more bodhisattvas offering flowers. The section below, with numerous small figures (some...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Northern Song dynasty; 北宋時期
    • Production date: 951-1000
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Fragments of a painted banner showing the feet of standing figures and a coffin burning in flames (OA 1919,0101,0.228.1); the head of a bodhisattva in Indian style (OA 1919,0101,0.228.2); and a lotus spray and butterfly (OA...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • textile; streamer; 紡織品; 幡帶

    This streamer is made of 4-end complex gauze painted with flying birds among clouds and flowers, orange for the background, yellowish green for the pattern and black for the outline. It has neatly rolled edges, 0.1-0.3 cm in width, sewn...

    • Object type: textile; streamer; 紡織品; 幡帶
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; Five Dynasties; 唐代; 五代
    • Production date: 9thC-10thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Very fragmentary lower section of a Pure Land painting with terraces and mythical birds (kalavinkas). The fragment on the right has a figure with a halo. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; Five Dynasties; 唐代; 五代
    • Production date: 8thC-10thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • figure; 畫像

    Fragmentary figure of a horse modelled in clay on a core of straw and wood and painted brown with white patches on the sides of the neck and quarters and black spots over all (the tail and the rear legs are missing). The saddle is decorated...

    • Object type: figure; 畫像
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty
    • Production date: 8thC(mid)
    • Find spot: Astana; 阿斯塔納
  • textile; 紡織品

    This rectangular fragment is embroidered with colourful silk threads on 4-end complex gauze in pale red, which in turn is backed with plain woven silk, also in pale red. The embroidery, in satin stitch, is worked through both the gauze and...

    • Object type: textile; 紡織品
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; Five Dynasties; 唐代; 五代
    • Production date: 9thC-10thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of six-armed Avalokitesvara seated behind an altar. The two upper arms carry the Sun and Moon. The two central arms are in the gesture of discussion (vitarka-mudra), while the lower ones hold a rosary and a medicine bottle. In the...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Northern Song dynasty; Five Dynasties; 北宋時期; 五代
    • Production date: 10thC(late)
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • textile; 紡織品

    This embroidered fragment shows a Buddha standing on a lotus pedestal, holding an alms bowl in his right hand. His body is enclosed within an almond-shaped aureole. His right hand is uncovered and his left hand gathers up his robe of oblong...

    • Object type: textile; 紡織品
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 8thC(late)-9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Banner of a bodhisattva standing under a canopy on a lotus. He holds a dimpled glass bowl, similar to one in the Shoso-in. Fine use of even brushstrokes and representation of see-through glass. Painted in ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • Portland Font; font

    Font, made of 22ct gold in the form of a free-standing sculpture in the neo-classical style with figures placed on a low square platform with four feet and a mantled cartouche at the front. In the centre stands a two-handled bowl on winged...

    • Object type: font
    • Producer: Paul Storr (Workshop of)
    • Production date: 1797
    • Production place: London
  • jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box

    Gold box or cigarette case; an upright cube, the top and bottom inlaid with mother-of-pearl, the sides inset with silver panels enamelled in pale blue on an engine-turned ground; the top forms the lid and is mounted with a flower basket of...

    • Object type: jewellery-case; cigarette-case; box
    • Producer: Cartier (Made by)
    • Production date: 1966
    • Production place: London
  • painting; 繪畫

    This painting shows the six-armed Cintamanicakra Avalokitesvara. The arms represent his powers to save in different ways. He is identified by the cakra (wheel) and cintamani (flaming jewel) which he holds. A small figure of Amitabha Buddha...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Sakyamuni seated on a lotus throne, under a canopy surrounded by Bodhisattvas Akasagarbha and Ratnaguna, and disciples. Donor figures in the bottom register. Dated by inscription. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Taizu (Guangshun); Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 953
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Avalokitesvara seated on a lotus throne, identified in inscription as "Succourer in trouble", with small bodhisattva figures floating in the sky. Lotus stems rise beside the throne. The principal donors are the monk Zhigang and the nun...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; Dashun; 唐代
    • Production date: 892
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Avalokitesvara seated on a rock in a lotus pool, with a round "moon" halo behind him. He holds a willow-branch and a vase, and is flanked by bamboos. The water is separated from the banks by zig-zag lines, but appears to be...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Northern Song dynasty; Five Dynasties; 北宋時期; 五代
    • Production date: 10thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Large, complex painting of the Paradise of Bhaisajyaguru (Buddha of Healing), arranged on terraces of a splendid Chinese palace. The Buddha is seated at the centre, surrounded by Bodhisattvas and attendants making offerings. At the top, to...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Production place: China
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting illustrating the Vimalakirti Sutra, which tells of the debate between the Bodhisattva Mañjusri and the layman Vimalakirti. The debate is shown in the middle of the composition, Vimalakirti is in his canopied sickbed on the left,...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 751-800
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting with Avalokitesvara seated on a lotus throne, shown with eleven heads and six arms, the Buddhas of the Ten Directions, bodhisattvas, lokapalas (guardian kings) and two Vajrapani (thunderbolt bearers), each one flanked by a...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Northern Song dynasty; 北宋時期
    • Production date: 970-980
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner with four scenes from the Life of the Buddha, in a landscape setting: Buddha's father, King Suddhodana, sending messengers in search of Sakyamuni; the search; the farewell of Sakyamuni to his groom, Chandaka, and his horse,...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner fragment with three scenes from the Life of the Buddha: Buddha seated on a lotus throne; Sakyamuni, shown in a building as a young prince, in discussion with his teachers; and the Iron Targets (drums used in an athletic...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 701-850
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Banner with three scenes from the Life of the Buddha, in a landscape setting: Buddha's father, King Suddhodana, despatching a messenger on a horse in search of Sakyamuni; the search; and the messenger's return without him. Blank cartouches...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner with two scenes from the Life of the Buddha, with a black cartouche beside each. The top scene shows the pleasures of life in the palace: Sakyamuni seated with wife Yasodhara, watching musicians. The bottom scene shows the...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of the Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha shown as a monk, holding a cintamani (flaming jewel), standing under a canopy on one white and one orange lotus. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of thousand-armed, thousand-eyed Avalokitesvara, seated centrally, surrounded by figures. On the left side are Bodhisattvas of the Moon (Candraprabha) and Scatterer of Flowers. Fiery-headed Vajra and Blue-faced Vajra on the left...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 751-850
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • 紡織品; 幡; textile; banner

    This banner is preserved completely except for the left side border, which is mostly missing. A suspension loop, 4.7 cm long, is stitched to the top. The border of the head is sewn with two different fabrics: one samite with floret pattern...

    • Object type: 紡織品; 幡; textile; banner
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; Five Dynasties; 唐代; 五代
    • Production date: 9thC-10thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong
  • textile; painting; banner; 紡織品; 繪畫; 幡

    This is a square damask piece, originally a head for a banner which has been folded in half and painted with two Buddhas, each seated on a lotus. The textile is white twill damask showing half of a lion over 40 cm long, with only the head...

    • Object type: textile; painting; banner; 紡織品; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 10thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • textile; banner; 紡織品; 幡

    These three fragments from a banner comprise a head and two pieces of lining. The banner head is made of plain woven silk with tapestry woven borders. The interior triangular piece, 10.2 cm high and 16.1 cm wide, is painted with a floral...

    • Object type: textile; banner; 紡織品; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 8thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • sutra-wrapper; 經帙

    The main part of this sutra wrapper is made of a paper base covered with a plain woven silk. The Chinese character kai meaning ‘opening’, is written in the corner. It is decorated with two strips of tapestry woven silk (also known by its...

    • Object type: sutra-wrapper; 經帙
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; Sasanian; 唐代
    • Production date: 8thC(late)-9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • valance; textile; 帷幔; 紡織品

    Of the three valances found by Stein in Cave 17, this is the most complete. The other two are now in New Delhi. The upper section of the valance consists of a wide border sewn with ten pieces, with eight suspension loops of plain weave or...

    • Object type: valance; textile; 帷幔; 紡織品
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; Five Dynasties; 唐代; 五代
    • Production date: 9thC-10thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • shoe; 鞋

    Shoe composed by two halves joined at the back of the heel and at the toe. The halves are made of superimposed layers of woollen and hemp textiles stitched together and bound with silk along the edges. On the top of the shoe there is an...

    • Object type: shoe; 鞋
    • Production date: 6thC-7thC
    • Find spot: Kara-khoja; 哈拉和卓
  • textile; 紡織品

    This fragment has been embroidered in satin stitch through two layers of fabrics: a white twill damask with floral pattern backed with a plain woven white silk. There is an intact selvedge, about 0.6 cm wide, on the plain woven silk. The...

    • Object type: textile; 紡織品
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; Five Dynasties; 唐代; 五代
    • Production date: 9thC-10thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • shoe; 鞋

    A shoe made of twining method with round front and low side. Two pieces of leather are patched to the front and heel, but the later is incomplete now. Two sets of coloured silks were twined and changed in position for patterning. The front...

    • Object type: shoe; 鞋
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Western Jin dynasty; Three Kingdoms (China); Eastern Jin dynasty; 西晉; 東晉; 三國
    • Production date: 3rdC-4thC
    • Find spot: Loulan; 樓蘭
  • 紡織品; textile

    Three triangles sewn together by folded square silk textiles of red plain weave (3.7x7.8cm), white plain weave (4.3x8.4cm) and yellow twill damask (3.8x8.4cm) in turn from the top. Red plain weave: Warp: silk, untwisted, single, red, 46...

    • Object type: 紡織品; textile
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Western Jin dynasty; Three Kingdoms (China); Eastern Jin dynasty; 西晉; 東晉; 三國
    • Production date: 3rdC-4thC
    • Find spot: Endere
  • religious/ritual equipment; ornament

    Potala monk's ornament (ceremonial) made of cloth, turquoise and brass. At top a square panel; red, floral patterned silk brocaded cloth (silver metal-wrapped thread on satin silk ground), padded. Domed turquoise and brass 'brooch' with...

    • Object type: religious/ritual equipment; ornament
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Buddhist
    • Production date: 1905
    • Production place: Tibet
    • Find spot: Lhasa
  • Talbot Casket; casket

    Casket; wood; embossed, incised and stamped leather; flat-topped and rectangular; lid and sides divided into a number of panels, scenes of which were divided by metal mounts, original ones stripped off and replaced by base metal ones; lid...

    • Object type: casket
    • Production date: 1400
    • Production place: Flanders; Belgium; France
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Banner showing the seven treasures of the cakravartin (world sovereign): golden wheel, jewel, coffer, general, lady, elephant and horse. The general carries a banner inscribed "zuo yi jiang" (first general of the left). Below the treasures...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner showing three scenes from the Life of the Buddha, set in a beautifully detailed landscape. The episodes illustrate Sakyamuni's farewell to his groom, Chandaka, and his horse, Kanthaka; the shaving of Sakyamuni's head; and his...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 8thC-9thC
    • Production place: China
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Banner painted with a bodhisattva standing on a lotus under a canopy and holding a cintamani (flaming jewel). The triangular headpiece has survived, but not the streamers. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of the Paradise of Sakyamuni, shown with his retinue of bodhisattvas and monk disciples in an architectural setting, and with newly-born infant souls seated on lotuses. Side scenes illustrate the story of Prince Sujati's filial...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 8thC(late)
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Large, colourful painting of the Pure Land of Amitabha, assembled from fragments, including 1919,0101,0.37, 1919,0101,0.218 and 1978,0626,0.1.a-e. The central Buddha is missing, but subsidiary groups of Amitabha with attendant bodhisattvas...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 8thC-9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Large, colourful painting of the Pure Land of Amitabha, assembled from fragments, including 1919,0101,0.37, 1919,0101,0.64 and 1978,0626,0.1.a-e. The central Buddha is missing, but subsidiary groups of Amitabha with attendant bodhisattvas...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 8thC-9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting showing the hooded figure of Ksitigarbha seated on a lotus with the Good and Bad Boys by his sides. The Six Ways of Life are represented by wavy lines emerging from the Bodhisattva's nimbus. The monk Daoming, supposed author of the...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 10thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Brightly coloured, well-preserved banner with lokapala Virupaksa, Guardian of the West, standing on demon, holding a sword. The purple cloud above his halo appears to form a canopy. The banner's triangular headpiece is of rose-coloured...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Northern Song dynasty; Five Dynasties; 北宋時期; 五代
    • Production date: 10thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of a Thousand-armed, thousand-eyed Avalokitesvara. A number of the hands hold tridents and other Buddhist symbols, while many of the hands have an eye. The image of Avalokitesvara nearly fills the picture space, leaving room...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 701-850
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Avalokitesvara standing under a canopy, with distinctive aureole banded in green red, yellow and blue. He holds a sprinkler vase in his left hand, and in the right hand a lotus stem crowned with Amitabha Buddha. Seven scenes...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Northern Song dynasty; 北宋時期
    • Production date: 963
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Large, colourful painting of the Pure Land of Amitabha, assembled from fragments, including 1919,0101,0.64, 1919,0101,0.218 and 1978,0626,0.1.a-e. The central Buddha is missing, but subsidiary groups of Amitabha with attendant bodhisattvas...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 8thC-9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of the Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha shown as a monk, in patched robe, holding a khakkhara (beggar's staff) and cintamani (flaming jewel). Unusually, he wears a hood, as a travelling monk would. The male donor at the bottom is...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 901-950
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • watch-paper; watch-key; watch-chain; watch-case; ring; hour-striking watch; clock-watch

    SILVER-GILT AND SHAGREEN PAIR-CASED VERGE CLOCK-WATCH [DIAL AND OUTER CASE NOT ORIGINAL]. Movement with fusee and four-wheel train. Verge escapement with steel balance, spiral balance-spring and Tompion regulator, silver index engraved...

    • Object type: watch-paper; watch-key; watch-chain; watch-case; ring; hour-striking watch; clock-watch
    • Producer: John Harris (Made by); ND (Case made by); RW (Movement made by)
    • Production date: 1680-1690
    • Production place: London
  • Hundred Bird; festival-costume; jacket; coat

    Coat or jacket; man or woman's Guzhang festival costume or 'Hundred Bird Coat'. Base cloth of unbleached cotton with seeds still in. Hand-spun and hand-woven in diamond twill weave. No collar; cut away on side fronts to give 'v' neck,...

    • Object type: festival-costume; jacket; coat
    • Ethnic name: Miao
    • Production date: 20thC
    • Production place: Yangweng
    • Find spot: Yangweng
  • Nüshi zhen; The Admonitions Scroll; painting; handscroll

    Handscroll painting in nine scenes (originally eleven) illustrating the 'Nüshi zhen' (Admonitions of the Instructress to the Court Ladies), a text composed by Zhang Hua (c. AD 232-300). It bears many seals and long colophons in the hands of...

    • Object type: painting; handscroll
    • Producer: Gu Kaizhi 顧愷之 (After); Emperor Huizong 徽宗皇帝 (Inscription by); Qianlong Emperor 乾隆皇帝 (Inscription by); Zou Yigui (Made by)
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; Six Dynasties
    • Production date: 344-405
    • Production place: China
    • Find spot: Beijing
  • purse

    Regimental purse of the Honourable Artillery Company; embroidered with arms of the Company and of the City of London, with initials and date. Purse is large and embroidered, bag sewn to a winged clip of gilded brass; carrying cord ended in...

    • Object type: purse
    • Production date: 1693
    • Production place: England