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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site

 

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Your search with the following terms: silk returned 7,056 results.


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  • No image

    painting; hanging scroll

    Hanging scroll. Deity. Yama with red hair and series of damned souls suffering torments below. Ink and colours on silk (with paper).

    • Object type: painting; hanging scroll
    • Production date: 16thC-17thC
    • Find spot: China
  • kimono

    Woman's kimono with an all over design of pine needles in white on a dull purple ground. Body lined with orange silk, and very lightly padded with floss. Sleeves lined half in orange, half in white silk.

    • Object type: kimono
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Taisho Era; Meiji Era
    • Production date: 1912-1926
    • Production place: Japan
  • No image

    textile; jacket

    Uchikake quilted textile. Dyed silk embroidered pattern of bird?

    • Object type: textile; jacket
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Meiji Era
    • Production place: Japan
  • painting; 繪畫

    A relatively small painting of Avalokitesvara holding a willow branch and a vase, standing on lotuses. His blue hair is encircled by a flaming nimbus. Four flowers are the only background features. Inscribed cartouche in top left corner....

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Avalokitesvara in three-quarter view, holding a sprinkler vase and willow branch. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 751-850
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    This painting shows the six-armed Cintamanicakra Avalokitesvara. The arms represent his powers to save in different ways. He is identified by the cakra (wheel) and cintamani (flaming jewel) which he holds. A small figure of Amitabha Buddha...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Large painting showing the Paradise of Sakyamuni in a Chinese architectural setting. The composition is simple and uncluttered, with the principal figures standing prominently against the background. Sakyamuni is seated on the top level....

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 800-850
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painted composition of two standing Avalokitesvara figures facing each other, the one on the left holding a flower, the one on the right with a vase. Otherwise, they are in nearly identical mirror-reverse, as are the inscriptions, both of...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 781-847
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Votive painting with four standing figures of Avalokitesvara in the upper register, each identified in a cartouche, dressed in the Indian style. Below are Samantabhadra on an elephant and Mañjusri on a lion, accompanied by bodhisattvas in...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Xiantong; Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 864
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting showing a standing figure of Avalokitesvara holding a willow branch and a vase. Blank cartouche at top left. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • No image

    painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Avalokitesvara with a long dark green scarf, standing on a lotus between two tall, waving stems of lotuses. He holds a willow spray and a sprinkler vase. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • Avalokitesvara; 觀世音菩薩像; painting; 繪畫

    Painting with ink and colours on silk This painting with brilliantly preserved colours shows the bodhisattva Avalokitesvara standing with a willow spray in his left hand and a flask in his right. His headdress bears a little figure of...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 910
    • Production place: China
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Sakyamuni seated on a lotus throne, under a canopy surrounded by Bodhisattvas Akasagarbha and Ratnaguna, and disciples. Donor figures in the bottom register. Dated by inscription. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Taizu (Guangshun); Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 953
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; mandala; 繪畫; 曼陀羅

    Mystic mandala of Avalokitesvara depicted according to the Amoghapasa dharani Sutra, with spiral invocation inscribed in Tibetan. Square border of vajras outside the incantation Various bodhisattvas all around outer borders, two of whom...

    • Object type: painting; mandala; 繪畫; 曼陀羅
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha wearing a hood and distinctive patchwork robe, seated on a lotus. The Six Ways of Rebirth are depicted on the two sides, represented by six small figures, separated by striped bands. Two kneeling...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Southern Song dynasty; 南宋
    • Production date: 963
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Fragment of a very large painting about Buddha Sakyamuni preaching at the Vulture Peak. The Buddha is recognisable by the long arm extending downward on the right, the only part of the figure which survives. Behind the Budhha, a rocky...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 8thC-9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Avalokitesvara holding a vase, accompanied by two child donors. Blank cartouche at top left. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painted figure of Avalokitesvara. He holds a willow spray in his right hand and a water vase in the left, from which issues a spray with lotus buds and leaves. On the bottom right are two kneeling female donor figures, each holding a lotus....

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 826-875
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of lokapala Vaisravana, Guardian King of the North, riding across the waters on horseback surrounded by his entourage, including his five sons in armour, yaksas and a high official with his wife (these two may be the donor...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 926-975
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Bhaisajyaguru, the Buddha of Healing, seated on a lotus throne, holding a bowl. Elaborate drapery; banded nimbus and aureole in red, green and blue. Male and female donors at the bottom. Three inscribed cartouches. Ink and...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 901-950
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Avalokitesvara, shown seated as the Saviour of Perils. Side scenes show perils as described in Lotus Sutra (Miaofa lianhua jing). The Good and Bad Boys stand below the lotus throne, holding scrolls. The larger figures in the...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 926-975
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Avalokitesvara seated on a lotus throne, identified in inscription as "Succourer in trouble", with small bodhisattva figures floating in the sky. Lotus stems rise beside the throne. The principal donors are the monk Zhigang and the nun...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; Dashun; 唐代
    • Production date: 892
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Avalokitesvara seated on a rock in a lotus pool, with a round "moon" halo behind him. He holds a willow-branch and a vase, and is flanked by bamboos. The water is separated from the banks by zig-zag lines, but appears to be...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Northern Song dynasty; Five Dynasties; 北宋時期; 五代
    • Production date: 10thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Ksitigarbha, shown as a seated monk under a canopy. The Six Ways of Life emerge from him, with figures on clouds, each flanked by an inscribed cartouche. Ink and colours on silk, with later restoration on paper.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; Five Dynasties; 唐代; 五代
    • Production date: 851-950
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of a seated Buddha with hands in the vitarka-mudra (gesture of reasoning or discussion), and therefore possibly Maitreya or Amitabha. The whole figure, with nimbus and aureole, is set within a large white circle. Two donor figures...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Northern Song dynasty; Five Dynasties; 北宋時期; 五代
    • Production date: 10thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of the Paradise of Bhaisajyaguru, Buddha of Healing, set in a landscape with Mañjusri, Samantabhadra and attendants. Bodhisattvas beside the Buddha are painted in Tibetan style. Esoteric Buddhist figures in the lower section...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 836
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of the Pure Land of Amitabha with bodhisattvas and side scenes illustrating the Amitayurdhyana Sutra. Scenes include meditations of Queen Vaidehi and the story of King Bimbisara. Large sections missing. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 801-850
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Large, complex painting of the Paradise of Bhaisajyaguru (Buddha of Healing), arranged on terraces of a splendid Chinese palace. The Buddha is seated at the centre, surrounded by Bodhisattvas and attendants making offerings. At the top, to...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Production place: China
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Fragment of a large painting showing Vaisravana, Guardian of the North, with his attendant. Vaisravana wears close-fitting armour and firmly grasps a halberd-banner. There is an animal head at his shoulder. His attendant wears a...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 8thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • No image

    panel

    Panel (fragmentary). Not published. Painted in ink, colour on silk.

    • Object type: panel
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting showing a seated Buddha Maitreya, flanked by Mañjusri and Samantabhadra. Maitreya's features are rendered in orange. Image of Mañjusri is well-preserved, with features only outlined in ink, never having been coloured. Samantabhadra...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 939
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Eleven-headed Avalokitesvara seated on a lotus, holding the sun and moon. Attendant figure either side, with male and female donor below. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 901-950
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Vaisravana, Guardian of the North, shown crossing the waters, floating on purple clouds. In one hand, a golden halberd; in the other, a purple cloud supporting a stupa with a seated Buddha inside. Flames come out of his...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代; 五代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Production place: China
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Fragmentary painting of standing figure. While the figure has some features typical of bodhisattva images (three-quarter view, hand gesture), this appears to be a Christian saint, possibly Nestorian. He has a halo, wears a cross in his...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting showing a Buddha seated on a lotus, possibly Maitreya or Sakyamuni, flanked by two bodhisattvas, Mañjusri and Samantabhadra. In a relatively large lower section, donor figures are kneeling on carpets, with blank cartouches between...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 926-975
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting showing Amitabha with the Eight Great Bodhisattvas (Sarvanivaranaviskambhin, Samantabhadra, Kstitigarbha, Mañjusri, Avalokitesvara, Maitreya, Akasagarbha, Vajrasattva), the names of four of which are inscribed in Tibetan. Geese...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting fragments showing a standing Buddha touching the sun disc, with a cockerel. To the Buddha's right is a blank cartouche. Some of the fragments were originally registered as OA 1919,0101,0.58. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 7thC-8thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting fragments showing part of a halo, possibly belonging to a Buddha. Some of the fragments were originally registered as OA 1919,0101,0.58. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 7thC-8thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting fragments showing a seated and a standing Buddha. Some of the fragments were originally registered as OA 1919,0101,0.58. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 7thC-8thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting fragments showing vertical colophons intended for inscription. Some of the fragments were originally registered as OA 1919,0101,0.58. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 7thC-8thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting fragments showing a long cartouche without visible trace of writing. Some of the fragments were originally registered as OA 1919,0101,0.58. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 7thC-8thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Small painting fragments showing a flaming mandorla, a cloud and possibly part of a dress. Some of the fragments were originally registered as OA 1919,0101,0.58. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 7thC-8thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting fragments showing the upper body of a male figure and two bare feet. Some of the fragments were originally registered as OA 1919,0101,0.58. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 7thC-8thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Avalokitesvara seated on a lotus, behind an altar and surrounded by other bodhisattvas. Three male and three female donors. Central male donor is Zhang Geqiao, whose parents are right and left of the central inscription.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Kaibao; Northern Song dynasty; 北宋時期
    • Production date: 972
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Avalokitesvara seated under a canopy on a lotus. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Avalokitesvara seated on a lotus seat with the Good and Bad Boys. In the lower register are two rows of male, female and child donors, with central inscription and identifying catouches. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Northern Song dynasty; 北宋時期
    • Production date: 983
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Thousand-armed, thousand-eyed Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara, surrounded by accompanying figures. Large sections missing. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting illustrating the Vimalakirti Sutra, which tells of the debate between the Bodhisattva Mañjusri and the layman Vimalakirti. The debate is shown in the middle of the composition, Vimalakirti is in his canopied sickbed on the left,...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 751-800
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Fragments of painting now mounted as 1919.0101.0.51. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 7thC-8thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting showing a seated six-armed Avalokitesvara with Candraprabha (Moon) and Suryaprabha (Sun) in the top half. In the lower half Maitreya, Buddha of the Future, is on one side of an inscribed panel, with the painting's donor, the priest...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 926-975
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Fragmentary painting of Avalokitesvara with six arms, surrounded by attendants, and with donors in the lower section. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 901-950
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • No image

    painting; 繪畫

    Painting with seated Cintamanicakra Avalokitesvara in the middle, surrounded by eight other bodhisattvas and various figures, including (lokapalas) guardian kings. Large sections missing. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Fragmentary painting with part of the story of the contest between Sariputra, Buddha's disciple, and the heretic leader, Raudraksa. The top episode shows an elephant, created by Sariputra, drinking dry the pool Raudraksa magically made. The...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting with Avalokitesvara seated on a lotus throne, shown with eleven heads and six arms, the Buddhas of the Ten Directions, bodhisattvas, lokapalas (guardian kings) and two Vajrapani (thunderbolt bearers), each one flanked by a...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Northern Song dynasty; 北宋時期
    • Production date: 970-980
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Eleven-headed Avalokitesvara, with attendant bodhisattvas. Row of male and female donors, with a monk. Dated by inscription. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Five Dynasties; 五代
    • Production date: 957
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting fragments showing Sakyamuni Buddha accompanied by two bodhisattvas, the disciples Ananda and Kasyapa, four lokapalas (guardian kings) and four more bodhisattvas offering flowers. The section below, with numerous small figures (some...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Northern Song dynasty; 北宋時期
    • Production date: 951-1000
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Fragment of a large, splendid painting of a lokapala, possibly Dhrtarastra, Guardian of the East, showing the lower part of the face, armour and left hand holding an arrow. He wears a large, blue jewel at the neck. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Large painting of Pure Land of Amitabha shown in an architectural setting. Central figure of Amitabha, with Bodhisattvas Avalokitesvara and Mahasthamaprapta. Six musicians, infant souls, numerous other figures. In central foreground,...

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 801-850
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting fragment with four scenes from the Life of the Buddha, showing King Suddhodana and Queen Mahaprajapati praying for the birth of a son. Inscribed cartouches on alternate sides of the scenes. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner with four scenes from the Life of the Buddha, in a landscape setting: Buddha's father, King Suddhodana, sending messengers in search of Sakyamuni; the search; the farewell of Sakyamuni to his groom, Chandaka, and his horse,...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painted fragment with four scenes from the Life of the Buddha showing Sakyamuni and the Five Companions. Inscribed cartouches on alternate sides of the scenes. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting fragment with musicians on bullock cart. Forms part of the missing right side of Liu Sahe/ Vulture Peak painting (OA 1919,0101,0.20). Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 8thC-9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Banner fragment showing two scenes from the Life of the Buddha: the bath of Sakyamuni in the Lumbini Garden, and his first steps. Blank cartouches on alternate sides of the scenes. Mounted together with two other scenes from the original...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner fragment with three scenes from the Life of the Buddha: Buddha seated on a lotus throne; Sakyamuni, shown in a building as a young prince, in discussion with his teachers; and the Iron Targets (drums used in an athletic...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 701-850
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Banner fragment showing two scenes from the Life of the Buddha: the dream of Queen Maya and the birth of Sakyamuni. A blank cartouche at the side of the top scene. Mounted with two other scenes from original banner (see 1919,0101,0.89). Ink...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Banner with three scenes from the Life of the Buddha, in a landscape setting: Buddha's father, King Suddhodana, despatching a messenger on a horse in search of Sakyamuni; the search; and the messenger's return without him. Blank cartouches...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Two fragments of a banner showing two scenes from the Life of the Buddha, in a landscape setting. The top fragment illustrates the simultaneous births of sheep, the bottom fragment a cow and a horse, and a lady in Tang costume milking the...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Fragmentary painting showing three scenes from the Life of the Buddha, in a landscape setting. The top scene shows Prince Sakyamuni after his departure from home, saying an emotional farewell to Chandaka, his groom, and his horse, Kanthaka....

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 8thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner showing four scenes from the Life of the Buddha: Dipankara's prediction of Sakyamuni's birth; old age, sickness and death; the dream of Queen Maya; and her confinement. Blank cartouches on alternate sides of the scenes. Ink...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner with two scenes from the Life of the Buddha, with a black cartouche beside each. The top scene shows the pleasures of life in the palace: Sakyamuni seated with wife Yasodhara, watching musicians. The bottom scene shows the...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner with three scenes from the Life of the Buddha, in a landscape setting: the Five Companions in a thunder storm; Sakyamuni, emaciated and in meditation inside a rocky cave; and emerging from the Nairanjana River with the aid of...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner showing a bodhisattva standing on a lotus, holding a lotus flower in the left hand. His tiara is three-pronged, and he wears a striped, tightly-wrapped dhoti with flowered scarves of red and blue. One of a series of ten...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 801-850
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner of a bodhisattva, depicted with a green body, holding a blue vajra in his right hands, a lotus stem in his left, and standing on a lotus. One of series of ten (see 1919,0101,0.101 and 102, which share many of the same...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 801-850
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Avalokitesvara standing on a lotus, shown from the side. Painted in Indian style, except for certain features of the Bodhisattva's clothing and the blank cartouche, which suggest a Chinese artist. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painted fragment of Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara holding a lotus. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner with lokapala Virupaksa, Guardian of the West, with red face (his distinctive colour) and splendidly dressed, stamping on a demon. Blank cartouche on left side. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner with lokapala Dhrtarastra, Guardian of the East, standing on a demon and holding an arrow. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara, standing and holding a lotus. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of lokapala Dhrtarastra, Guardian of the East, holding bow and arrow. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 8thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of a standing bodhisattva, possibly Ratnapani ("bearing a jewel in the hand"), holding a cintamani (flaming jewel). Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner

    Fragmentary banner with bodhisattva figures in paradise (probably including Avalokitesvara). Painted in ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; banner
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Bodhisattva Mahasthamaprapta, the embodiment of wisdom. Standing under a canopy, he is identifiable by the vase in his headdress. He holds a vase with a lotus flower. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Fragmentary painting with an armed lokapala holding an arrow, possibly Dhrtarastra, Guardian of the East. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Fragmentary painting of a bodhisattva holding a bowl, probably Avalokitesvara. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Fragmentary banner with a lokapala wearing helmet and armour, possibly Virupaksa, Guardian of the West. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Fragmentary painting of a lokapala (guardian king) with helmet and burning halo. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Vajrapani (thunderbolt bearer) standing on two lotuses, holding a vajra. Striking musculature delineated in cherry-pink. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Fragmentary banner painted with a guardian demon holding a sword, identified as Vuhyapada by the inscription in the cartouche. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Banner of a bodhisattva standing on a lotus, holding a flower. Triangular headpiece survives. Painted in ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of a bodhisattva, standing under a canopy, holding a lotus. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Ksitigarbha, shown as a monk with shaven head and wearing a patchwork robe (kasaya), holding a vase. Shaven parts of head, chin and upper lip are painted blue. Inscription in cartouche. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of the Bodhisattva Ksitigarbha shown as a monk, holding a cintamani (flaming jewel), standing under a canopy on one white and one orange lotus. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    An extremely well preserved banner complete with triangular headpiece, streamers and weighting board. On the painted area is a bodhisattva, standing on a lotus, holding a glass beaker with a lotus blossom. Unusually, the bodhisattva is...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    A very long banner with headpiece and wooden weighting board. The main painted area shows Suryaprabha, the Bodhisattva of the Sun (identified by inscription), standing on a lotus floating on water. The figure holds the sun, a disc with a...

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 8thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of a standing Bodhisattva Guide of Souls (Avalokitesvara or Ksitigarbha), holding a censer. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner of Avalokitesvara standing on a lotus and holding a vase. His feet point straight out sideways. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • banner; 幡

    The head of this banner is 18.1 cm in height and 23 cm in width, with a suspension loop of red 4-end complex gauze 4.5 cm in length. The face or infill is made of plain woven light brown silk, originally with a colour-painted pattern. The...

    • Object type: banner; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of a bodhisattva standing on a lotus, eyes focused downward. Blank cartouche in top left corner. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    Painted banner with lokapala Dhrtarastra, Guardian of the East, holding bow and arrow. Splendidly armoured and with a tiger skin around his waist, he stamps on a one-eyed, snaggle-toothed demon. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of Avalokitesvara standing on lotus flowers. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 9thC
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; 繪畫

    Painting of lokapala Vaisravana, Guardian of the North, in red and yellow armour, held up by a female deity, possibly Sri Devi. Blank cartouche on the top left. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; 繪畫
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞
  • painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡

    An extremely well-preserved banner, complete with triangular headpiece and streamers, painted with a standing Vajrapani (thunderbolt bearer), holding a vajra. Ink and colours on silk.

    • Object type: painting; banner; 繪畫; 幡
    • Culture/period/dynasty: Tang dynasty; 唐代
    • Production date: 851-900
    • Find spot: Qian Fo Dong; 千佛洞