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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



Treatment date
20 October 1993

Reason for treatment
Permanent Exhibition

Treatment proposal
Clean for photograhy and redisplay. Take care! Garmets!

Greasy dirt in incised pattern. Tarnish, especially around rivets. Old glue join failed. Req no 27910

Treatment details
Cleaned using Industrial methylated spirits (ethanol,methanol) applied on swabs. Tarnish around rivets removed using 15% formic acid applied on swabs. Gently wiped using Goddard's long term silver cloth (comp. unknown).