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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



Treatment date
2 December 1980

Reason for treatment
Permanent Exhibition

Treatment proposal
Clean.Req no 10367

Req 10367 Dec 80: Greasy, covered in old adhesive. Some missing inlay replaced by fretted toothbrush handle. Metal mounted on (?)polyester base.

Treatment details
Req 10367 Dec 1980: Swabbed with 30% formic acid on stubborn stains on gold. Swabbed everywhere with acetone. larger lumps of glue, grime, etc. removed with pin vice.