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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



Treatment date
7 August 2002

Reason for treatment
Permanent Exhibition

Treatment proposal
Remove tarnish

Surface dirt. Light tarnish over most of the surface. Small patches of darker varnish.

Treatment details
Cleaned using acetone applied on cotton wool swabs. Darker patches of tarnish cleaned using Silvo (cotton wadding, white spirit, Newburgh chalk, china clay) and degreased with acetone.