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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



Treatment date
16 March 1998

Reason for treatment
Permanent Exhibition

Treatment proposal
. . Clean to remove tarnish. Relacquer if necessary. Discuss tarnishing problem with Conservation research.

67466 march 98 FNS. Slight tarnish.

Treatment details
Removed with Industrial methylated spirits (ethanol,methanol) on paper tissue. Areas of black tarnish in detail cleaned using Silvo (cotton wadding, white spirit, Newburgh chalk, china clay) and degreased with acetone.