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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



Treatment date
20 January 1992

Reason for treatment
Permanent Exhibition

Treatment proposal
Remove lacquer and tarnish.

1992, Req 46003 Dirty and tarnished.

Treatment details
Reqs 46003(1992), 12373(1983) and 23982(1984) Tarnish removed using Goddards hotel silver dip applied using cotton wool swabs. Rinsed with distilled water / solvent on cotton wool swabs. Polished using Goddards long term silver cloth. Treated in 1985, 1987 and 1989; Dry brushed to remove dust. Polished using Goddards long term silver cloth.