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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



Treatment date
14 November 1995

Reason for treatment
Permanent Exhibition

Treatment proposal
Remove tarnish and surface clean prior to exhibition.

1995, req 59637; Dusty and tarnished.

Treatment details
1995, req 59637; Washed in warm tap water with 1% Synperonic n (Non ionic detergent, nonylphenol ethylene oxide condensate) added. Tarnish was removed using Goddards Hotel Silver Dip by immersion and brushing. Washed in running tap water. Dried with kleenex tissue and hot air from blower. Handles; resecure one handle using pva emulsion. Polished using Goddards long term silver cloth.