What just happened?

To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



Treatment date
1 September 2011

Reason for treatment
Permanent Exhibition

Treatment proposal
Light clean to remove tarnish.

The objects are in good condition overall. The handle and bowl are both tarnished and quite dark in appearance. There are tarnish streaks in areas on the handle.There is dust and dirt present on the surface. The triangular gilded areas are quite worn.

Treatment details
The dirt, dust and tarnish was removed using cotton swabs of Acetone (propan-1-one/dimethyl ketone). The darker areas of tarnish were removed using cotton swabs moistened in White Spirit (composition variable - petroleum distillate) and wiped in Duraglit metal polish (cotton wadding,white spirit,ammonium soap,china clay,Newburgh chalk). Any residues were removed using white spirit and then Acetone. Care was taken to avoid the triangular gilded areas so they are not worn.