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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



Treatment date
3 December 2008

Reason for treatment
Permanent Exhibition

Treatment proposal
: Light clean to remove dirt to uncover detail.
O: Clean and consolidate if necessary (wood + gesso).

The surface is generally dirty and also has a concretion of wax and dirt in the engraved detail and more so around the applied heads. Also traces of polishing/ cleaning compounds are present. In the gilding very small blisters and delamination can be observed.

Treatment details
The metal surface was cleaned with white spirit on cotton wool swabs. The wax and dirt concretion around the applied heads was removed with a scalpel while working under magnification.