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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



Treatment date
25 April 2007

Reason for treatment
Permanent Exhibition

Treatment proposal
Clean and remove tarnish

Tarnished. Very heavily tarnished inside around the rim. Cracks and other damages did not change since the last treatment report (see there).

Treatment details
Cleaned using Industrial methylated spirits (ethanol, methanol) applied on cotton wool swabs. Then further cleaned using Hotel silver dip (acidified thiourea), applied with a soft paint brush and immediately cleared with water. Rinsed thoroughly under flowing tap water, steam cleaned, dried with tissue paper and with hot air from a blower. Locally cleaned using Silvo silver and chrome (cotton wadding, white spirit, Newburgh chalk, china clay), applied with cotton wool swabs and cleared with White Spirit (composition variable - petroleum distillate). Degreased with Acetone (propan-1-one/dimethyl ketone) and renumbered with acrylic black.