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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



Treatment date
13 April 2007

Reason for treatment
Permanent Exhibition

Treatment proposal
Clean tarnish

The silver spoon has tarnished.

Treatment details
The tarnish was removed by using Silvo silver and chrome (cotton wadding,white spirit,Newburgh chalk,china clay). Silvo residues were cleaned by swabbing with White Spirit (composition variable - petroleum distillate). The object was degreased by using Acetone (propan-1-one/dimethyl ketone). The object was renumbered.