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To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



Treatment date
23 August 2004

Reason for treatment

Treatment proposal
Light clean to remove tarnish on one side. Remove white deposits.

Tarnished on one side. (note that the two sides are made from two slightly different coloured alloys).

Treatment details
Cleaned using Industrial methylated spirits (ethanol, methanol) applied on cotton wool swabs.Cleaned using Silvo (cotton wadding, white spirit, Newburgh chalk, china clay) and degreased with acetone.Cleaned using acetone applied on cotton wool swabs.