What just happened?

To celebrate Vikings Live, we have replaced our Roman alphabet with the runic alphabet used by the Vikings, the Scandinavian ‘Younger Futhark’. The ‘Younger Futhark’ has only 16 letters, so we have used some of the runic letters more than once or combined two runes for one Roman letter.

For an excellent introduction to runes, we recommend Martin Findell’s book published by British Museum Press.

More information about how we have ‘runified’ this site



Treatment date
13 November 2003

Reason for treatment
Temporary Exhibition

Treatment proposal
Surface clean. Remove tarnish.

The silver spoon is in good condition. Light, yellowish tarnish layer inside the bowl, openwork scroll and on the handle.There are a few cracks inside the bowl, one is being close to the openwork scroll, other is close to the head of the bowl.

Treatment details
The dirt and dust was removed using cottons swabs of Acetone (propan-1-one/dimethyl ketone). The tarnish layer (particularly in the decorative recesses of the object) was removed mechanically under the microscope using the Silvo silver and chrome (cotton wadding,white spirit,Newburgh chalk,china clay) swabs wrapped up with cotton wool around the end of a wooden cocktail stick. Silvo residues on the surface of the object were removed with White Spirit (composition variable - petroleum distillate) .The object was renumbered using magic colour black ink applied on a brush.